Today in History – September 18, quite a number of significant historical events took place in India and rest of the world. Those events in the past shaped modern India and modern world. Let us take a look at some of those important events.
What Happened On This Day in History – September 18
Today in History – September 18: “India”
1615: Thomas Roe – British ambassador representing King James of England, landed in Surat and went to Jahangir’s court.
1803: At the Battle of Assaye, during the Second Anglo-Maratha war, British forces under Arthur Wellesley defeated the Martha forces.
1803: British captured Puri from the Marathas without the need for any struggle.
1924: Gandhi started his Hindu-Muslim unity fast. What a rascal chameleon was that man Gandhi!
1927: Establishment of the Maharashtra Chamber of Commerce.
1965: The Three-Day Ultimatum of China – a coercive technique used by China to prevent India from moving troops from Eastern (Chinese) side to Western front (Pakistani side) – ended. China warned India of dire consequences – just an empty vessel making an awful lot of sound. India didn’t blink and China reissued the Ultimatum the next day for another 3 days and still failed to make India blink.
1967: Nagaland adopts English as one of its official languages.
1972: India declared as top film producer of the world after India made 433 feature films in the previous year.
1990: Death of famous Hindi film actor – Devkumar.
1992: Mohammad Hidayatullah, former Chief Justice of India and India’s Sixth Vice President died in India.
2000: A notification issued by Prasar Bharati made it compulsory for cable operators for telecasting Doordarshan’s regional channels on their prime band.
Today in History – September 18: “World”
96 CE: After the assassination of Domitian, Nerva declared as Emperor of Roman Empire.
342: Sole control of Constantine established over Roman Empire after Licinius was decisively defeated by Constantine the Great in Battle of Chrysopolis.
1066: Invasion of England begins after Harald Hardrada – the King of Norway landed on beaches of Scarborough.
1454: During Thirteen Years’ War Teutonic army defeats the Polish army in Battle of Chojnice.
1635: War declared on France by Ferdinand II – Emperor of Holy Roman Empire.
1739: Belgrade ceded to the Ottoman Empire through the signing of the Treaty of Belgrade.
1759: Quebec City captured by British during the Seven Years’ War.
1812: The 1812 Fire of Moscow comes to and end. The fire destroyed nearly 75% of the city.
1906: In Hong Kong, 10,000 people died of a tsunami and a typhoon.
1914: Troops of South Africa land at German South-West Africa during WWI.
1919: Women given voting rights in Netherlands.
1922: Hungary becomes a member of the League of Nations.
1934: USSR becomes a member of the League of Nations.
1939: Ignacy Mościcki’s Polish government fled to Romania during WWII.
1940: U-48 – German submarine sunk SS City of Benares – a British liner, killing all people on the ship. 77 children refuges were also on the ship.
1943: At Sobibór during WWII, the Jews of Minsk were massacred.
1943: Deportation of Danish Jews ordered by Adolf Hitler.
1944: A Japanese cargo ship called Jun’yō Maru was torpedoed by British submarine during WWII. 5,600 people were killed.
1964: Infiltration of South Vietnam started by army of North Vietnam.
1982: Killing of 600 Palestinians started by Christian militia in Lebanon.
2014: Scotland voted against independence from UK.