Today in History – September 14, a few important historical events took place in India. The rest of the world on other hand, witnessed various events that changed the very course of human history and made it the way we know it today. So, let us take a look at some of the most important events of this day in history.
What Happened On This Day in History – September 14
Today in History – September 14: “India”
1803: British take control of Delhi after the city fell with the defeat of the Marathas. British army was commanded by Gerard Lake. It happened during the Battle of Delhi of the Second Anglo-Maratha War. The Battle started on 11th September and Delhi fell on September 14.
1820: Calcutta’s Agri-Horticultural Garden started functioning.
1933: One-year moratorium on India’s Civil Disobedience declared by Gandhi.
1949: Following a 3-day debate by Constituent Assembly, Hindi was declared as the Official Language of India.
1953: Andhra Pradesh was formed and Hyderabad was declared as its capital instead of Karnul.
1965: Civilian airports in Agartala and Calcutta were bombed by Pakistani Air Force.
1991: Government of India declares Assam to be a ‘Disturbed Area’. To destroy ULFA militants, the army launches ‘Operation Rhino’.
1992: Entry of foreign investors allowed in Capital Market of India. Government offers incentives to foreign investors.
Today in History – September 14: “World”
81 CE: Death of Titus allows his brother Domitian to become Rome’s Emperor.
919: High King Niall Glúndub gets killed by Vikings of Uí Ímair in Battle of Islandbridge.
1180: In Japan, the Battle of Battle of Ishibashiyama takes place.
1607: From Lough Swilly, Donegal, Ireland, the famous Flight of Earls takes place.
1752: By skipping 11 days, the British Empire adopts the Gregorian Calendar. The day before the adoption was September 2 as per the old Julian Calendar.
1763: British forces are defeated at Battle of Devil’s Hole by Seneca Warriors during the Pontiac’s War.
1791: Avignon lost by Papal States to Revolutionary France.
1808: Swedes defeated by Russians at Battle of Oravais during Finnish War.
1812: Entry of French Grande Armée into Moscow during Napoleonic Wars. The moment the Russian troops leave the city, the Fire of Moscow starts.
1829: Russo-Turkish War comes to an end when Treaty of Adrianople is signed by Ottoman Empire and Russia.
1846: In Nepalese Palace Court, 40 members of the court are massacred by Jang Bahadur and his brothers. The event became known as the Kot Massacre.
1917: Russia officially announced to be a Republic.
1939: Polish submarine called ORP Orzeł boarded by Estonian military in Tallinn. This lead to a diplomatic incident which was later exploited by Soviet Union for justification of Estonia’s annexation. The incident happened during WWII.
1944: Maastricht becomes first Dutch city that the allied forces liberated during WWII.
1954: Soviet Union carries out a top-secret nuclear test when a 40 kiloton atom bomb was dropped by Tu-4 Soviet bomber just to the north of Totskoye village.