History helps us understand why our world is the way we find it today. It helps us understand our past and more importantly, it helps us realize that we humans are warmongers. We cannot come up with a single day in year when some war or the other didn’t happen in some year back in history. This list of historical facts for today will once again prove the same. So, let us take a look at the events that took place today in history – September 13 in both India and in the rest of the world.
What Happened On This Day in History – September 13
Today in History – September 13: “India”
1500: First European factory established in India after Portuguese businessman named Pedro Alvaris reached Calicut.
1670: Sahib Shri Guru Tegh Bahadhur Sahib Ji gets released from prison.
1893: One of the founders of ‘Prarthana Samaj’ – Mama Parmanand passed away.
1926 – British Punjab Government withdraws the orders that tagged Sharomani Akali Dal and Sharomani Gurdwara Prabhandak Committee as unlawful bodies.
1948: Operation Polo begins with orders of Deputy PM – Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel for integration of princely state of Hyderabad into Indian Union.
1965: Bombay (now Mumbai) was bombed by Pakistan during Indo-Pak conflict of 1965.
1992: Government of India decides that National Human Rights Commission should be formed.
1996: In Lok Sabha, Lok Pal Bill was introduced.
2008: A series of bomb blasts hit Delhi. 30 people killed and 130 injured in the blasts.
Today in History – September 13: “World”
533: Byzantine Empire’s Belisarius, in the Battle of Ad Decimum, defeats the Vandals and Gelimer.
1229: Ögedei Khan officially announced as Mongol Empire’s Khagan in Kodoe Aral.
1743: Treaty of Worms signed by Kingdom of Sardinia, Austria and Great Britain.
1759: French defeated by the British near Quebec City during Seven Years’ War at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham.
1782: Unsuccessful ‘Grand Assault’ launched by Franco-Spanish troops during Great Siege of Gibraltar during the American Revolutionary War.
1814: British could not capture Baltimore during a turning point in War of 1812. It was during this battle that the poem ‘Defence of Fort McHenry’ was composed by Francis Scott Key. The poem was later set to music and eventually it became USA’s national anthem.
1882: Battle of Tel el-Kebir fought during Anglo-Egyptian War.
1899: Henry Bliss becomes first US citizen being killed in an automobile accident.
1914: Hostilities opened by South African troops in Namibia (German South-West Africa). The troops assaulted Ramansdrift police station. It was during WWI.
1914: Battle of Aisne during WWI starts between France and Germany.
1922: Great Fire of Smyrna commences during Greco-Turkish War’s final act.
1968: The Warsaw Pact left by Albania.
1989: Desmond Tutu leads South Africa’s largest anti-Apartheid march.
2007: United Nations General Assembly adopts the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People.
2013: United States Consulate located in Afghanistan’s Herat comes under attack by Taliban Insurgents.