Today in History – September 10, a number of historical events took place in India and the rest of the world that crafted the modern world that we live in. Let us browse through some of the historical highlights. If you are a history buff, you will definitely like this list.
What Happened On This Day in History – September 10
Today in History – September 10: “India”
1623: Shah Jahan raided Ajmer by entering through Rajputana and crossing over the Tapti River. He reached near Golconda kingdom and from there, he diverted into Orissa, which was peacefully surrendered to him.
1858: Father of modern Gujarati poems and an author of great caliber was born. His name was Manilal Nathubhai Dwivedi.
1872: Maharaj Jamsaheb of Nawanagar – Sir Ranjitsinhji Vibhaji was born in Sarodar village near Jamnagar. He was a very notable cricketer and was called as “The prince of a little state, but the king of a great game”.
1887: Bharat Ratna awardee, former UP chief minister and an outstanding parliamentary, Sri Govind Ballabh Pant was born in U.P.’s Khunt village.
1911: Trade unionist, politician and social reformer – Jatin Chakraborty was born in Bangladesh’s Comilla.
1912: Former Vice President of India – B. D. Jatti was born.
1915: Death of Jatindranath Mukherjee – one of the greatest revolutionaries of India. He died of a wound inflicted on him during a battle army-aided police and revolutionaries.
1918: Muslim riots break out in Calcutta.
1920: Birth of Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao in Karnataka’s Hadagali. In 1945, he gave the ‘Theory of Estimation’ widely used in statistics. He came up with several other theorems and formulae such as “Rao-Black Wellistaion”, “The Fisher-Rao theorem”, “Cramer-Rao inequality” etc., all of which are standard models and theorems in almost every statistics book.
1923: Death of Sukumar Roy – the famous Bengali child littérateur.
1943: Boniface Pereira, Anandan, Fouja Singh, Vakkom Abdul Khader and Satyendra Chandra Bardhan were hanged to death at Madras Jail. They were charged with ‘conspiring to wage a war against the King’ under EAO (Enemy Agents Ordinance). They shouted Bharat Mata ki Jai and sang Vande Mataram when they were being hanged.
1966: Punjab Re-Organisation bill was approved by Parliament that effectively broke Punjab into two separate and independent states – Haryana and Punjab.
1976: Boeing 737 airplane of Indian Airlines hijacked for second time. The plane was flown all the way to Lahore in Pakistan.
1977: Planning Commission decides on introduction of the concept of Rolling Plan.
Today in History – September 10: “World”
1419: Dauphin adherents assassinate Burgundy’s Duke – John the Fearless.
1776: Nathan Hale volunteers to become a spy for Continental Army during American Revolutionary War.
1798: Spain defeated by British Honduras at Battle of St. George’s Caye.
1813: British fleet defeated by US fleet in War of 1812 at the Battle of Lake Erie.
1823: Peru gets new President – Simón Bolívar.
1898: Luigi Lucheni assassinates Austria’s Empress Elizabeth.
1918: Kazan captured by Red Army during Russian Civil War.
1919: Independence of Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland recognized by the Allies and Austria via the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye.
1939: British submarine HMS Triton mistakenly sinks another British submarine called HMS Oxley during WWII. It becomes Royal Navy’s first submarine lass.
1939: War declared on Nazi Germany on Canada. Canada joins the allies.
1943: Occupation of Rome started by German forces during WWII.
1960: In Rome’s Summer Olympics, Abebe Bikila won Gold Medal in Marathon. He ran it bare feet and became first sub-Saharan African to win Gold.
1967: Gibraltar’s people vote against becoming Spain’s part and decide to stay as British dependency.
2002: Switzerland that has historically remained a neutral country eventually joins United Nations.