In the article titled Today in History – October 9 – India and World, we are going to look into the most important historical events that took place in the past. We however leave the task of analyzing those events for understanding how they impact our present and how they will impact our future, on you. So, without wasting time any further, let us take a look into those events…
What Happened On This Day in History – October 9
Today in History – October 9: “India”
1877: Pandit Gopabandhu Das – famous social reformed and freedom fighter was born on this day in Puri, Odisha.
1897: M. Bhaktavatsalam – a freedom fighter and former Madras chief minister was born on this day.
1949: This was the day when the inauguration of Indian Territorial Army took place.
1963: Saifuddin Kitchlew – a freedom fighter and first ever Indian who won Lenin Award for International Peace – died on this day.
1977: (Long Distance) International Direct Dialling Telephone Link between Bombay and London was established on this day.
1990: On this day, Shipping Corporation of India received the delivery of Motilal Nehru – the first indigenously developed oil tanker. It was made by Cochin Shipyard Limited.
2006: Kanshi Ram – the person who found the Bahujan Samaj Party – died on this day.
Today in History – October 9: “World”
1264: City of Jerez conquered by Kingdom of Castile. Since 711, Jerez was under Muslim occupation.
1446: Korea publishes the hangul alphabet.
1594: In Sri Lanka, Kingdom of Kandy annihilated the Portuguese Empire’s army, thereby ending Campaign of Danture.
1604: The most recent supernova explosion in our galaxy – Milky Way was observed on this day. It has been named as Supernova 1604.
1708: In Battle of Lesnaya, Swedish army is defeated by Peter the Great.
1740: Throughout Java, the two-year-long war started when ethnic Chinese were being massacred by various slave groups and Dutch colonists in Batavia. Over 10,000 people were killed.
1760: Forces of Russia occupied Berlin during the Seven Years’ War.
1806: War of Fourth Coalition was started on this day by Prussia against France.
1812: During War of 1812, American navy captures HMS Detroit and HMS Caledonia – two British ships. The naval encounter took place on Lake Erie.
1820: Independence declared by Guayaquil from Spain.
1824: Costa Rica established Slavery.
1831: Independent Greece’s first head of state – Ioannis Kapodistrias – was assassinated on this day.
1847: Saint Barthélemy abolishes slavery. All the slaves were freed.
1854: Beginning of Siege of Sebastopol during the Crimean War.
1861: Confederate attempt of capturing Fort Pickens was repelled by Union forces at Battle of Santa Rosa Island during the American Civil War.
1911: Qing Empire finds an ultimate fall because of an accidental bomb explosion in China’s Hankou.
1914: German troops capture Antwerp in Belgium during World War I.
1942: Australian autonomy formalized by Statute of Westminster 1931.
1950: Goyang Geumjeong Cave massacre started on this day. It lasted till 31st October and took place in South Korea. 153 unarmed civilians were killed.
1966: Binh Tai Massacre takes place during Vietnam War.
1967: Che Guevara was executed on this day.
1981: France abolishes capital punishment.
2012: An attempt to assassinate Malala Yousafzai was made by Pakistani Taliban. The attempt failed.