Today in History – October 5 brings to you the snapshots of the most important events that took place back in time in both India and in world. Of course, we handpicked on the major events because it is virtually impossible to list each and every event either because all of them are not recorded or because information on them are not readily available. Either way, jotting down the most important events always makes sense.
What Happened On This Day in History – October 5
Today in History – October 5: “India”
1676: King of England gave permission to East India Company for minting Rupees and Paise – India currency – in Bombay.
1805: Lord Charles Cornwallis – the then Governor General of India – died in UP, India because of ill health.
1864: A massive and extremely powerful cyclone hits the city of Calcutta (now Kolkata), killing about 60,000 people.
1949: Death of famous politician and social reformer – A. K. Pillai.
1957: Jawaharlal Nehru became world’s first person to receive Hiroshima Peace Memorial City’s key.
1989: Meerasahib Fatima Beevi became India’s first female judge of Supreme Court of India.
1991: Indian Express founder – Ramnath Goenka – died.
1997: Joseph Beuys prize awarded to Kiran Bedi.
2011: Government of India launched a low-cost Android tablet called Aakash.
Today in History – October 5: “World”
539 BCE: As per Gregorian Calendar, Babylon was taken by Persian Army commanded by Cyrus the Great.
610: Coronation of Herclius as Byzantine Empire.
1143: Portugal recognized as a Kingdom by King Alfonso VII of León and Castile.
1450: Under the order of Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria, Jews were expelled from Lower Bavaria.
1550: In Chile, the city of Concepción.
1582: Because Gregorian Calendar was implemented, this particular day ceased to exist in Spain, Portugal, Poland and Italy.
1607: Paolo Sarpi – a Venetian scientist and statesman faced an assassination attempt by assassins hired and sent by Pope Paul V.
1789: During French Revolution, Paris’ women march all the way to Versailles in an event that became popular as March on Versailles. The women went there to confront Louis XVI as he refused promulgation of decrees of demand bread, feudalism abolition and moving King and his court to Paris.
1793: Christianity was disestablished in France during French Revolution.
1813: Tecumseh – the Shawnee leader was killed by Americans after the Americans defeated the British in Canada’s Battle of Thames.
1910: A revolution establishes republic by overthrowing monarchy in Portugal.
1914: An intentional fatality resulted out of first aerial combat during World War I.
1915: Bulgaria entered into World War I. The country joined the Central Powers.
1938: Passports of the Jews are invalidated in Nazi Germany. Those Jews requiring a passport for the purpose of emigration were given one but those passports had the letter J marked on them where J stood for Jew or Jude.
1944: In France, women get suffrage.
1948: Anywhere between 10,000 and 110,000 people die in Ashgabat earthquake.
1986: Secret nuclear weapons of Israel were revealed.
1991: 137 people were killed when a transport plane of Indonesian military crashed shortly after taking off from Jakarta.