History is important for everyone. In one way or the other, the historical events of the past have shaped our present and they continue to shape our future alongside what we do today. So, it is always wise to know about our historical past so that we can draw inspiration from whatever good our ancestors did in the past or learn lessons from their gravest mistakes of antiquity. In this article titled Today in History – October 23 – India and World, we will take a look into the past events in chronological order from past to present. Of course, we cannot list everything here but the most important events are mentioned.
What Happened On This Day in History – October 23
Today in History – October 23: “India”
1623: According to Encyclopedia of Indian Events & Dates, one of the greatest poets of all time in India – Sri Tulsidas died on this very day in Varanasi.
1764: Combined forces of Nawab Suja-ud-daula, Emperor of Delhi and Mir Kasim lost to the British on this day in the Battle of Buxar, making British the masters of whole of Ganga Valley.
1778: Kittur Chennamma was born in Karnataka, India. She was one of the first Indians who spearheaded an armed rebellion against the British Rule.
1934: Gandhi resigned and stepped down as All India Congress’ leader.
1943: Rani Jhansi Brigade of Indian National Army or Azad Hind Fauj was inaugurated by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. It was the women’s wing of Azad Hind Fauj.
1974: Aravind Adiga – Indo-Australian journalist and writer was born on this day. He won the Man Booker Prize in year 2008 for the first novel he wrote – The White Tiger.
1992: An essay paper was introduced in the main examination of the Civil Services by UPSC.
Today in History – October 23: “World”
42 BCE: Army of Brutus was defeated in the decisive Second Battle of Philippi during Liberators’ Civil War by Octavian and Mark Antony. Brutus committed suicide after the defeat.
425: At the age of 6, Valentinian III became the Roman Emperor.
1086: Forces of Alfonso VI – Castilian King were defeated by Yusuf ibn Tashfin’s army at Battle of Sagrajas.
1157: The Civil War that plagued Denmark comes to an end with the Battle of Grathe Heath in which King Sweyn III was killed and the country was restored by Valdemar I.
1295: The first treaty that formed the Auld Alliance was signed by France and Scotland in Paris. It was an alliance against England.
1642: First English Civil War’s first major battle was fought. It was known as the Battle of Edgehill.
1739: The War of Jenkin’s Ear started when a war was reluctantly declared on Spain by Prime Minister of Britain – Robert Walpole.
1870: With a Prussian victory, Siege of Metz came to an end during the Franco-Prussian War.
1911: First ever use of aircraft during a war takes place on this day during Italo-Turkish War when the Turkish Army lines were observed by an Italian pilot who took off from Libya.
1912: The Battle of Kumanovo began during the First Balkan War. Ottoman army and Serbian army clash with each other.
1917: Lenin called for the October Revolution on this day.
1929: The Wall Street Crash of 1929 takes place when after reaching a peak in September, stock market prices started dwindling down steadily and New York Stock Exchange began crashing.
1941: During WWII, Russia’s Field Marshal Georgy Zhukov took command of the Red Army to prevent Germans from advancing and capturing Moscow.
1942: During WWII’s Guadalcanal Campaign, Battle of Henderson Field started on this day. The battle ended 3 days later on October 26.
1944: During WWII, the Battle of Leyte Gulf started. It was largest ever naval battle in history of human kind. The battle took place in Philippines.