This article on Today in History – October 18 – India and World, we are going to sum up the most important events in both in India and in world on this very day back in time. Unfortunately, there aren’t many important events in India but there are definitely several interesting historical events in rest of the world. In case you observe any discrepancy, feel free to point that out with proper sources. Let’s begin…
What Happened On This Day in History – October 18
Today in History – October 18: “India”
1906: Vitthal Ramji Shinde established the Depressed Class Mission Society.
1972: Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. test flew its indigenously developed SA 315 multi-role helicopter. It was tested from Bangalore and was HAL’s first multi-role helicopter.
2004: Notorious smuggler and dacoit – Veerappan was killed on this day in a police encounter. With an operational range of 6,000 square kilometers, Veerappan was responsible for killing 900 elephants and murdering 184 people, most of whom were forest guards and police officers. Veerappan evaded law for 30 years before he was finally brought down by Special Task Force of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka Police.
Today in History – October 18: “World”
614: Edict of Paris was widely popularized by King of the Franks and King of Neustria – Chlothar II. Edict of Paris was very similar to Frankish Magna Carta. The Magna Carta was designed to protect Frankish noble’s rights and prevented employing Jews from civil services with Frankish Kingdom.
629: Coronation of Dagobert I. He comes King of the Franks.
1009: Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah completely destroys a Christian church in Jerusalem. The church was known as Church of the Holy Sepulchure.
1016: In Battle of Assandun, the English were defeated by the Danes.
1081: In Battle of Dyrrhachium, Byzantine Empire loses to the Normans.
1356: Basel Earthquake, which is viewed as an extremely significant historic seismological event in areas north of Alps, hits Switzerland. Basel town was destroyed.
1540: Forces of Hernando de Soto – Spanish conquistador – destroyed Mabila – a fortified town (in present day, the place is located in Alabama). Tuskaloosa – Chief of Village of Atahachi – was killed.
1561: In first ever recorded Naval battle fought between the West and Japan, a Portuguese ship trading carrack was attacked by Japanese ships belonging to Matsura clan. Japan failed to capture the Portuguese ship. The battle is known as Battle of Fukuda Bay.
1748: War of the Austrian Succession comes to an end after the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle is signed.
1775: Burning of Falmouth takes place during the American Revolutionary War.
1775: Franco-American Siege of Savannah was lifted on this day during the American Revolutionary War.
1797: Austria and France sign the Treaty of Campo Formio
1860: Second Opium War comes to an end at Peking Convention and the Treaty of Tientsin was ratified.
1867: Possession of Alaska handed over to USA by Russia. USA had to pay USD 7.2 million. This day is known as Alaska Day in the state.
1898: Possession of Puerto Rico handed over to USA by Spain.
1912: A declaration called ‘To the Serbian People’ was issued by Peter I – King of Serbia when Serbia joined the First Balkan War.
1922: BBC or British Broadcasting Company was founded on this day.
1944: Liberation of Czechoslovakia from the hands of Nazi Germany started by Soviet Union during WWII.
1944: Field Marshal Erwin Rommel’s takes place in Germany’s Ulm during WWII.
1945: Plutonium bomb plans of USA were received by nuclear program of USSR. Los Alamos National Laboratory’s Klaus Fuchs was the person who gave the plan to USSR.