History is important. It teach us about our past so that we can hand pick the goods we have done and carry on the same in present and in future while carefully eliminate the mistakes we made in the past. It also helps us remember great people and their deeds. In this article title Today in History – October 15 – India and World, let us go back in time and take a look into our past…
What Happened On This Day in History – October 15
Today in History – October 15: “India”
1542: Birth of Mughal Emperor, Akbar. He was born at Amarkot in Sindh. His father was Humayun and his grandfather was Babur – the person who founded the Mughal Empire in India.
1676: Monarch of England gave permission to East India Company to mint Indian currencies – paisa and rupee coins at Bombay (today known as Mumbai).
1918: Sai Baba of Shirdi died on this day.
1932: Tata Sons Ltd. – India’s first commercial airliner – started on this day. It later became Indian Airlines.
1943: Baba Kanshi Ram – a well-known freedom fighter and poet – died on this day.
1990: Bharat Ratna award was given to Nelson Mandela.
1997: Arundhati Roy was awarded the Booker Prize.
Today in History – October 15: “World”
1066: Edgar the Ætheling became King of England however, his coronation never took place. His reign came to an end on December 10, 1066.
1211: At the Battle of Rhyndacus, Nicaean Emperor – Theodore I Laskaris was defeated by Henry of Flanders – the Latin Emperor.
1529: With the invading turks being routed by Austrians, the Siege of Vienna comes to an end. This halted Ottoman Empire’s nearly 100-years-old conquest across Eastern Europe and Center Europe.
1793: In a swift and pre-determined trial, France’s Queen – Marie Antoinette – was convicted and sentenced to death. She was put to death the very next day. Her trial took place at Paris’ Palais de Justice.
1878: Operations started by Edison Electric Light Company.
1888: Investigators receive a letter titled, ‘From Hell’. It is assumed that the person who sent the letter was Jack the Ripper.
1917: Mata Hari – a famous dancer from Netherlands – was executed by a firing squad at Vincennes outside Paris. Mata Hari was accused of spying for German Empire during World War I.
1944: In Hungary, Arrow Cross Party comes to power. ACP was very similar to NSDAP or Nazi Party of Adolf Hitler.
1945: On charges of treason, Pierre Laval – former premier of Vichy France – was executed by a firing squad during WWII.
1953: Totem 1 was detonated in South Australia’s Emu Field. It was a British Nuclear Test.
1991: “Oh-My-God particle” was observed at University of Utah HiRes observatory located in Dugway Proving Ground, Utah. The particle was so named it because the astrophysicists were shocked after observing the particle. It was an ultra-high-energy-cosmic-ray. It was 40 million times more energetic than the highest energy protons ever produced in particle accelarators.
2001: Galileo spacecraft of NASA passed Io (moon of Jupiter) within 112 miles.