In this article titled Today in History – October 11, we are going to share the most important historical events that took place in both India and the rest of the world. These events left big impression on our past and of course, they shaped our present as well. In case you see any discrepancies, feel free to let us know through the comments section.
What Happened On This Day in History – October 11
Today in History – October 11: “India”
1737: One of the deadliest cyclones hit Calcutta (present day Kolkata) in the morning, reportedly destroying 20,000 ships ranging from several sea-worthy ships to small canoes and killed between 300,000 and 350,000 people. However, this numbers are often contested and no accurate data is available. Also, it is to be noted that the above figures were given by several merchant ships. The official report of British East India Company however says that 3,000 people lost their lives because of the cyclone. More interestingly, the date is also contested. The event occurred before Britain adopted Gregorian Calendar. Some say that the date was September 30, 1737, which actually turns out to be October 11, 1737 if converted into Gregorian Calendar.
1902: Birth of famous Independence activist, political leader and theorist – Jayaprakash Narayan. He became popular as Lok Nayak and was often referred to as JP. He staunchly opposed Indira Gandhi’s regime during 1970s and stated that her overthrow will be “Total Revolution”.
1923: World-famous mathematician – Harish Chandra was born on this day. He picked up a narrow branch of modern mathematics and developed it to such an extent that mathematicians from all over the world got attracted to that particular branch of mathematics.
1941: Amitabh Bachchan was born.
1962: 50 lives were lost on this day as Indian and Chinese troops clashed with each other at border.
1987: Indian Peace Keeping Force started Operation Pawan in Sri Lanka. The purpose was to take Jaffna under control by disarming Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.
1991: Disputed Ayodhya Land was acquired by UP’s BJP government.
1991: President’s rule was imposed on Meghalaya.
Today in History – October 11: “World”
1649: During the Sack of Wexford, after ten-day siege led by Oliver Cromwell and English New Model Army troops, Wexford town falls. As many as 1,500 civilians were killed alongside 2,000 Irish Confederate troops.
1776: During American Revolutionary War at Battle of Valcour Island, Royal Navy defeats an American fleet on Lake Champlain. Despite the victory, British advance was halted until 1777.
1797: During French Revolutionary Wars, Royal Netherlands Navy and Royal Navy of Britain clash with each other at Battle of Camperdown. The British won.
1865: Morant Bay Rebellion began when hundreds of black women and men led by Paul Bogle march in Jamaica.
1899: The Second Boer War started when Boers of Orange Free State and Transvaal clash with United Kingdom in South Africa.
1912: Kozani city liberated by Greek army during First Balkan War.
1942: During WWII, Battle of Cape Esperance takes place. A Japanese fleet on its way to reinforce troops located on island was intercepted by an American fleet. The American destroyed the Japanese fleet.
1954: During First Indochina War or the Indochina War in France or Anti-French Resistance War in Vietnam, North Vietnam’s control was taken over by Viet Minh.