In this article on historical facts, we will take a look into the most important historical events that took place in both India and world. The section in particular is highly valuable for those students who are appearing in national or state-level competitive examinations that often ask about history. So, let us get started with the article titled Today in History – November 3 – India and World and find out what the history has in store for us…
What Happened On This Day in History – November 3
Today in History – November 3: “India”
1605: Prince Salim assumed the name of Nur-ud-din Muhammad Jahangir Badshah Ghazi and forcefully ascended to the throne. He was 36 years old at that time and reigned for 22 years.
1618: The 6th Mughal emperor – Aurangzeb – was born on this day. He ruled from 1658 to 1707. His birth name was Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad but was more popularly known as Aurangzeb or Alamgir.
1838: The newspaper called ‘The Times of India’ was founded on this day. It was originally know as ‘The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce’. Today, the newspaper is world’s largest circulated daily broadsheet newspaper and is printed in English language.
1900: Sagarmal Gopa – one of the most famous freedom fighters of India – was born on this day in Jaisalmer.
1933: Amartya Sen – Economist from India who took up American citizenship and eventually won the Nobel Prize – was born on this day in Santiniketan (Bengal).
1984: This was the last day of anti-Sikh riots in India. It is also known as the Sikh Massacre. Officially, 2,732 Sikhs were killed but unofficial accounts state that 8,000 Sikhs were killed. The next Prime Minister – Rajiv Gandhi – not only supported the riots but also went to the extent of supporting the genocide and in a speech said, ‘Bada Ped Girta Hai, Toh Dharti Toh Hilegi Hi’ (English translation: When a big tree fall, the Earth will shake). The literally supported the genocide and did not punish the perpetrators but instead took them in his cabinet.
1988: In Operation Cactus, Indian Armed Forces foiled a coup in Maldives. The coup was attempted to overthrow the democratically elected government of the Republic of Maldives. Abdullah Luthufi was the man who led the coup.
1991: India successfully test-fired the Trishul Missile. It is a short range, indigenously developed, surface-to-air missile of India.
Today in History – November 3: “World”
361: Constantius II – Roman Emperor – died at Mopsuestia in Cilicia. Fever was the cause of death. He was baptized on his deathbed. Before dying, Constantius II declared Julian, his cousin, as the rightful successor of the Roman Empire.
644: In Medina, a Persian slave assassinated the Second Muslim Caliph – Umar ibn al-Khattab.
1468: Burgundy’s Charles I led his troops and sacked Liège in Belgium.
1493: In Caribbean Sea, the island of Dominica was first sighted by Christopher Columbus.
1783: The Continental Army of America was disbanded.
1812: In Battle of Vyazma, the armies of Napoleon were defeated by the Russian forces.
1848: A greatly revised Dutch Constitution was proclaimed. The revised constitution increased the powers of ministers and parliamentarians while strictly limiting powers of the monarch.
1867: In Battle of Mentana, Giuseppe Garibaldi and his followers faced as severe defeat. As a result of this the Temporal Power of Pope in Rome was not ended. It however ended 3 years later.
1881: In Chile, the Mapuche Uprising of 1881 started.
1898: The Fashoda Incident came to an end when France withdrew her troops from Fashoda.
1918: Habsburg-ruled empire was dissolved after Austria-Hungary signed Armistice of Villa Giusti with the Allies.
1918: With a port in Kiel taken over by 40,000 sailors, the German Revolution of 1918-19 started.
1942: During Guadalcanal Campaign of WWII, the Koli Point action started on this day. It eventually ended on November 12.
1943: Germany’s Wilhelmshaven harbor was completely devastated by America’s 8th Air Force’s 500 aircraft.
1944: General Rudolf Viest and General Ján Golian – who were Slovak National Uprising’s two supreme commanders – were captured by German forces. They were tortured and eventually killed by German troops.
1946: Through the assent of the Emperor, the Constitution of Japan was adopted.
1956: Israel Defense Forces conducted the Khan Yunis Killings in the part of Gaza controlled by Egypt. 275 Palestinians were killed by IDF.
1957: Sputnik 2 was launched by Soviet Union. It carried Lisa – the first animal (a dog) that entered into Orbit.
1967: Battle of Dak To started during the Vietnam War.
1978: Independence gained by Dominica from United Kingdom.