It is important that we learn about our past because there are way too many important lessons hidden there, waiting to be browsed through. Today in History – November 19 – India and World is one such article that brings to you the most important events in human history in prepackaged format. Well, there’s no in-depth analysis of the facts and events. All you have to do is just go through the details to understand how they impacted our past and present and how they will impact our future. You will also need to find out the lesson you need to learn from the events. So, let us get started.
What Happened On This Day in History – November 19
Today in History – November 19: “India”
1828: Rani Laxmibai (Rani of Jhansi) was born on this day at Varanasi. She was a Maratha warrior queen. She rose to prominence during the Revolt of 1857. She died in 1858 after being wounded in a battle against the British.
1838: Keshab Chandra Sen – a Bengali Hindu Philosopher from India – was born on this day in Kolkata. He was also a social reformer and he is better known for his attempts of incorporating Christian theology within Hindu belief framework.
1877: Jatindra Nath Banerjee – a great Indian nationalist and a famous freedom fighter – was born on this day in Bengal.
1917: Indira Gandhi was born.
Today in History – November 19: “World”
1493: Christopher Columbus gets to the shore of the island that he spotted on the previous day (November 18). He named the island as San Juan Bautista. It was later named as Puerto Rico.
1794: Jay’s Treaty was signed by Kingdom of Great Britain and United States. The treaty was an attempt to amend some of the several lingering problems that stayed after the American Revolutionary War.
1885: During the Serbo-Bulgarian War, Bulgaria wins the Battle of Slivnitsa thereby solidifying the unification between Eastern Rumelia and Principality of Bulgaria.
1911: Two ships were claimed by the Doom Bar in Cornwall.
1912: During the First Balkan War Bitola was captured by Serbian Army, thereby bringing an end to 500-year-old Ottoman Rule over Macedonia.
1941: During WWII, HSK Kormoran and HMAS Sydney get into a fierce battle and manage to sink each other off Western Australian coast. Australia lost 645 soldiers in the battle while Germany lost 77.
1942: In the Battle of Stalingrad during WWII, Soviet counterattack called Operation Uranus was launched by Soviet forces under the command of General Georgy Zhukov. This counterattack turned the tide in favor of Soviet Union.
1944: In hopes of paying for the war efforts, USD 14 billion worth of war bonds were aimed for sale by Franklin D. Roosevelt. It was known as 6th War Loan Drive.
1944: During WWII, 30 Luxembourgish resistance members tried defending Vianden town from a heavy Waffen-SS attack. The battle is known as Battle of Vianden.
1985: During Cold War a meeting between Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and US President Ronald Regan takes place for the first time in Geneva.
1998: Impeachment hearing against US President Bill Clinton started by United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee after the Lewinsky Scandal.