Knowing historical facts enriches our knowledge of our past and allows us to shape our present and future in a better fashion. While a compilation of historical events might not sound so interesting, they can provide a head start and give a direction to follow. That is precisely what this article titled Today in History – November 15 – India and World will do. It will give you a list of important events that you can investigate in details and take some important historical lessons. Well, if you are from India and if you are appearing for Civil Services or other other competitive exams, this section will help you with your preparation.
What Happened On This Day in History – November 15
Today in History – November 15: “India”
1875: Birsa Munda – a tribesman and a famous freedom fighter – was born on this day in a village called Ulihatu in Jharkhand’s Khunti district. He was considered as a religious teacher and some considered him a prophet. He was given the moniker ‘Dharti Abba’. Initially he went into peaceful rebellion but later picked up arms against the British Rule in India. He died at the age of 25 while being in prison. It is believed that the British had poisoned him to death but according to British reports, he died of Cholera.
1913: Rabindranath Tagore received a message that he had been awarded with Nobel Prize for Literature for the year. He won the prize because of his work called ‘Gitanjali’. He became the first Indian ever to win Nobel Prize.
1949: Nathuram Vinayak Godse was hanged along with Narayan Dattatreya Apte. They were executed by hanging for shooting and killing Gandhi.
1982: Acharya Vinoba Bhave – follower of Gandhian Philosophy and one of India’s foremost and prominent Social Workers – died on this day at the age of 88.
Today in History – November 15: “World”
565: Justinian I is succeeded by his nephew Justin II as Byzantine Empire’s emperor.
1705: In Battle of Zsibó, the Kurucs (Hungarians) are defeated by Austrian-Danish forces.
1777: During American Revolutionary War, the Articles of Confederation were approved by Continental Congress following a 16-month debate.
1864: During American Civil War, Sherman’s March to the Sea was started by William Tecumseh Sherman – Union General.
1889: Following a military coup, Pedro II – emperor of Brazil was deposed. Following that, Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca declared Brazil to be a Republic.
1920: Establishment date of the Free City of Danzing.
1922: During a general strike, 1,000 people were massacred in Guayaquil, Ecuador.
1933: First elections were held in Thailand.
1969: USS Gato – a submarine of America – collided with K-19 – a submarine of Soviet Union – during the Cold War. The collision took place in Barents Sea.
1971: 4004 – the first Sing;e-Chip commercial microprocessor was released by Intel.
2006: Worldwide launch of Al Jazeera English.
2007: Bangladesh was hit by Cyclone Sidr. Nearly 5,000 people were killed and a part of Sundarbans – world’s largest mangrove forest – was destroyed.