Historical events are important. They have many lessons for us. We can pick up the good and filter out the bad and understand how we should be taking our future steps to ensure peace and prosperity. There are some events that will teach us lessons to valuable that we will always remain grateful for the same. In this article titled Today in History – November 1 – India and World, we will take a look at some of those historical events that hold special value in both Indian and world history.
What Happened On This Day in History – November 1
Today in History – November 1: “India”
1858: Queen of Britain took direct administration of India by displacing British East India Company. India came under direct rule of British government.
1913: This is the day when the first issue of Ghadar paper was first published from San Fransisco, USA. Edited by Lala Hardayal, the paper was of Indian Revolutionaries and this first publication was the official start of the Ghadar movement.
1937: This was the day when Kerala University was established.
1950: From Chittaranjan Locomotives, the India’s first indigenous steam engine was railed out on this very day.
1956: States in India were reorganized on basis of linguistics. It is known as States Reorganization Act, 1956.
1956: Andhra Pradesh was formed on this day.
1956: Karnataka was formed on this day.
1956: Kerala was formed on this day.
1956: Madhya Pradesh was formed on this day.
1956: Rajasthan was formed on this day.
1956: West Bengal was formed on this day.
1961: AVRO HS748, first passenger flight assembled by IAF was test flown on this day.
1966: Punjab was formed on this day.
1966: Haryana was formed on this day.
1966: Chandigarh was declared as Union Territory and was assigned as capital of both Haryana and Punjab.
1984: Anti-Sikh riots started in India after Indira Gandhi was assassinated on the previous day by two of her bodyguards – both of whom were Sikhs.
Today in History – November 1: “World”
1214: During Byzantine-Seljuq wars, the Seljuq Turks capture the port city of Sinope.
1688: During the Glorious Revolution, William III of Orange went out of Netherland’s Hellevoetsluis with the ambition of siegeing the crowns of Ireland, Scotland and England from England’s King James II.
1790: Reflections on the Revolution in France was published by Edmund Burke. In that, Burke came up with the prediction that French Revolution will eventually end in a total disaster.
1805: During War of Third Coalition, Austria was invaded by Napoleon Bonaparte.
1814: The Congress of Vienna was opened for redrawing the political map of Europe after France was defeated in Napoleonic Wars.
1911: The first ever combat aerial bombing in world takes place during Italo-Turkish War in Libya. Italian Second Lieutenant named Giulio Gavotti dropped several small-sized bombs.
1914: During World War I, the Battle of Coronel took place on this day when Royal Navy of England tasted its first bitter defeat at the hands of Germany. Royal Navy lost to HMS Monmouth and HMS Good Hope.
1942: During WWII’s Guadalcanal Campaign, the Matanikau Offensive started on this day. It continued for 3 days and eventually ended with US victory.
1948: 6,000 people died when a Chinese merchant ship exploded and sank off southern Manchuria.
1963: The 1963 South Vietnamese Coup started on this day.