Looking for historical events that took place on March 31? You are at the right place! This article titled Today in History – March 31 – India and World sums up the most important historical events of India and rest of the world that took place on this very day. This article will be of great help to those who are preparing for All-India competitive exams like UPSC and SSC. Let us take a quick look into the events that took place on March 31.
What Happened on This Day in History – March 31
Today in History – March 31: “India”
1774: Records show that the first office for postal service in India was established on March 31. However, the first modern post office was actually established in Calcutta in year 1854 on May 4.
1865: Anandi Gopal Joshi was born on this day. She was India’s first lady physician.
1867: On this day, the Prarthana Samaj was established.
1871: Gangadharrao Deshpande was born on this day. He was known as the ‘Lion of Karnataka’.
1921: The flag of Indian National Congress was adopted on this day.
1934: Kamala Das was born on this day. She was a prolific writer and became popular with her pen-name Madhavikutty.
1959: Dalai Lama XIV was given political asylum in India on this day after he fled from Tibet and reached India on March 17. He started staying in a Dharamshala located in Uttar Pradesh.
1964: In Bombay, the electric tramcar ran for the last time on this day.
1980: Nirmal Mukherji – the last I.C.S. officer serving as Cabinet Secretary retired on this day. He was the last person on the list of I.C.S. officers who formed the Indian Administrative Machinery’s nucleus after India earned her independence on August 15, 1947. The list contained 416 people.
2001: Sachin Tendulkar became the first in world to score 10,000 runs in ODI format of cricket. He was playing against Australia in Indore.
Today in History – March 31: “World”
1492: Alhambra Decree was issued by Castile’s Queen Isabella. The decree ordered 150,000 Muslims and Jews to get converted into Christianity or face expulsion.
1774: Port of Boston, Massachusetts was closed on orders of Kingdom of Great Britain during the American Revolutionary War. This order came as a result of Boston Port Act.
1889: Official opening of the Eiffel Tower.
1909: Austrian control over Bosnia and Herzegovina was accepted by Serbia.
1917: Possession of Danish West Indies was taken by United States after paying a sum of USD 25 million to Denmark. US renamed Danish West Indies as United States Virgin Islands.
1918: Bolsheviks and Armenian Revolutionary Federation’s allied armed groups committed the Massacre of Ethnic Azerbaijanis. During the massacre, 12,000 Azerbaijani Muslims were killed.
1918: For the first time in USA, Daylight saving time was put into effect.
1921: Formation of Royal Australian Air Force.
1942: During WWII, Christmas Island (a British possession at that time) was invaded by Japanese forces.
1945: During WWII, Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 – the first operational jet-powered operational fighter aircraft in world was delivered to USA by defecting German pilot. It was the first German aircraft that fell into the hands of the allied forces during WWII.
1949: Canadian Confederation was joined by Dominion of Newfoundland. It became Canada’s 10th province.
1964: A military government was formed in Brazil after a coup.
1966: Luna 10 was launched by Soviet Union. It became world’s first space probe that enter into orbit around our Moon.
1970: Explorer-1, after orbiting Earth for 12 years – re-entered into Earth’s atmosphere.
1998: Mozilla source code was released by Netscape. The code was released under open source license.