Historical dates and events can be quite difficult to remember unless they are provided in a chronological order. In this article titled Today in History – January 26 – India and World, we have arranged the most important historical events that took place on this day in a chronological order. Also, we segregated the events as Indian events and world events so that those who are preparing for civil services can focus on Indian history.
What Happened On This Day in History – January 26
Today in History – January 26: “India”
1930: Indian National Congress observed this day as day of Poorna Swaraj or day of complete independence.
1950: India’s constitution came into force on this day. Since then this day is celebrated as the Republic day.
1965: Hindi became India’s official language.
1992: Bharat Bhushan, famous Indian film hero, died.
1972: Amar Jawan Jyoti, a memorial constructed to commemorate martyrs of Indo-Pakistan War of 1971, was installed.
2001: An earthquake of extreme intensity shakes Gujarat killing nearly 20,000 people.
Today in History – January 26: “World”
1531: Earthquake in Lisbon killed nearly 30,000 people.
1564: Council of Trent officially distinguished between Protestantism and Roman Catholicism.
1699: Ottoman Empire ceded its territory to the Christian forces completely for the first time.
1736: Poland’s Stanislaus I renounced his throne.
1837: Michigan was admitted as 26th state of United States of America.
1841: James Bremer formally took possession of Hong Kong Island and established British Hong Kong.
1855: Point No Point Treaty was signed in Washington.
1861: During the American Civil War, Louisiana moved away from the Union.
1870: During the Resurrection Era, Virginia joined the Union again.
1942: During WWII, first forces of US reached Europe. They landed in Northern Ireland.
1945: During WWII, Red Army started encircling the Fourth Army of Germany near Heiligenbeil (East Prussia).