In this article called Today in History – January 2 – India and World, the most important historical events in both India and World are provided in a chronological order. No details have been provided because the primary aim of this article is to provide a quick recap of events that will allow civil services aspirants in quickly revising their lessons. So, let us begin with the list…
What Happened On This Day in History – January 2
Today in History – January 2: “India”
1757: Robert Clive came out successful in capturing Calcutta again from the Nawab of Bengal, Siraj-ud-daula.
1878: Birth date of social reformer, Mannathu Padmanabhan, who hailed from Kerala.
1899: Ramakrishna order’s monks began living in Belur Math of Calcutta on this day.
1914: Noor Inayat Khan of Indian descent, the British Secret Agent during WWII, was born on this day.
1943: Vir Bhai Kotwal, freedom fighter, passed away on this day.
1973: General S.H.F.J. Manekshaw was promoted to Field Marshal.
Today in History – January 2: “World”
1492: During Reconquista (period of Iberian history which involves the rise of Islamic rule and the eventual fall of Islamic rule to Christian forces), Emirate of Granada, a Muslim stronghold in Spain, surrendered to Crown of Castile.
1777: During American Revolutionary War, in the Battle of Assunpink Creek (near Trenton, New Jersey), American forces led by George Washington repelled British attacks.
1788: Georgia became the fourth state to accept US Constitution.
1818: Institution of Civil Engineers, with base in London, was founded on this day.
1905: During Russo – Japanese War, Russian garrison surrendered at Lushun Port, also called as Port Author, in China, by Japanese forces.
1941: During WWII, bombings of Germany severely damaged Llandaff Cathedral which is in Cardiff, Wales in UK.
1942: During WWII. FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation) convicted 33 members of Duquesne Spy Ring, a German Spy Ring, which was the largest espionage case in the history of US. The Spy Ring was headed by Fritz Joubert Duquesne.
1942: Japanese forces captured Manila, Philippines during the WWII.
1945: During the second world war, the Allied Forces bombed Nuremberg of Germany.
2004: Stardust, a robotic space probe (or spacecraft) launched by NASA, flies beyond Wild Comet 2 and get the samples from the Wild Comet 2’s coma. The samples successfully reached the Earth.