Remembering key historical events is very important for those who are preparing for UPSC exams. However, it becomes easy if those events are organized in chronological order. This article titled Today in History – January 18 – India and World sums up all the major historical events that took place on this day in both India and World. Let us find out what happened on this day…
What Happened On This Day in History – January 18
Today in History – January 18: “India”
1842: Maha Gobind Ranade, a great social reformer, was born on this day.
1947: Kundan Lal Saigal, considered as the first superstar of Bollywood, died.
1968: Both the houses of Parliament passed the Official Language Resolution on this day.
1996: Famous Telugu actor and former chief minister of Andhra Pradesh, Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao, passed away.
2003: Famous Hindi poet, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, died.
2012: Anthony Prabhu Gonsalves, famous Indian musician, passed away.
Today in History – January 18: “World”
1486: England’s King Henry VI married the daughter of Edward IV, Elizabeth of York.
1670: Panama was captured by Henry Morgan.
1701: Frederick I crowned himself as the King of Prussia in Königsberg.
1778: James Cook was the first known European to discover Hawaiian islands. He named the islands as Sandwich Islands.
1886: Modern Hockey was born in England with the formation of Hockey Association in England.
1896: H. L. Smith for the first time exhibited an X-ray generating machine.
1915: During the First World War, Japan empire issued the infamous “Twenty One Demands” to the Republic of China. Twenty One Demands would have increased Japan’s power in the east of Asia. It was strongly opposed by both Britain and US.
1919: After the First World War, the Paris Peace Conference begun on this day in Versailles.
1941: During WWII, British army launched a counter-offensive against Italian East Africa.
1943: During WWII, Jews of Warsaw Ghetto (which was in Germany occupied Poland) resisted Nazi’s efforts to send the rest of the population of Ghetto to Treblinka. Their resistance became Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.
1943: During WWII, Red Army liberated Kraków, one of the oldest cities of Poland.