Are you preparing for all-India competitive examinations like SSC and UPSC? If so, you need to study history and remembering all historical events can be a daunting task. To help you in remembering the important historical events that took place on each calendar day, we have created the segment on Today in History. This particular article titled Today in History – February 18, India and World sums up the historical events that took place on February 18. So, let us see what really happened on this day in history.
What Happened On This Day in History – February 18
Today in History – February 18: “India”
3102 BCE: The Kali Yuga Era started on this day.
1266: Nasiruddin Mahmud Shah – Mamluk Dynasty’s 8th sultan – died on this day.
1486: Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was born on this day. He was a Bhakti Saint.
1614: Mewar was captured by Jahangir.
1836: Birth date of Shri Ramkrishna Paramhansa Dev. His birth name was Gadadhar Chatterjee.
1905: Shyamji Krishnavarma established the Home Rule Society in London.
1911: First official airmail in world was carried by H. Picquet. He used a Humber Sommer biplane and delivered the mail from Allahabad to Naini Junction. In total, he flew a distance of 6 miles.
1946: Royal Indian Navy’s sailors mutinied in Bombay harbor. From there the action spread all across British India’s Provinces. The mutiny involved 20,000 sailors, 20 shore establishments and 78 ships.
1971: The first ever satellite communication link was established by India with Goonbilly in Great Britain. It was established through Arvi Satellite Station.
Today in History – February 18: “World”
1332: Emperor of Ethiopia, Amda Seyon started his campaign in the southern Muslim provinces.
1745: City of Surakarta of Central Java was founded on this day on the banks of Bengawan Solo River. It became the capital city of Sunanate of Surakarta.
1781: During the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War, Thomas Shirley started an expedition on the Dutch colonies of Africa’s gold coast which is present day Ghana.
1791: US Congress passed a law to admit Vermont in to the Union.
1797: During the French Revolutionary Wars, commanding a fleet of 18 ships of Britain, Sir Ralph Abercromby invaded Trinidad.
1814: During Napoleonic Wars, Battle of Montereau took place.
1861: Italy was almost unified. Victor Emmanuel II, the King of Piedmont, Savoy and Sardinia took the title of the King of Italy.
1865: During American Civil War, South Carolina State House was set ablaze by Union Forces under the command of Major General William T. Sherman. The event took place during the Burning of Columbia.
1873: Ottoman authorities hanged Vasil Levski – the Bulgarian Revolutionary Leader. He was hanged in Sofia.
1930: Pluto was discovered by Clyde Tombaugh while he was studying the photographs that were taken back in January that year.
1930: Elm Farm Ollie became world’s first cow to not only fly on a fixed-winged aircraft but also to be milked on an aircraft.
1942: Imperial Japanese Army started systematic extermination of Chinese in Singapore who were considered to be hostile elements. It happened during WWII.
1943: The members of White Rose movement were arrested by the Nazis during the WWII.
1943: The Sportpalast Speech was delivered by Joseph Goebbels during WWII.
1947: During the first Indochina war, complete control of Hanoi was achieved by French after the Viet Minh was forced to retreat into the mountains.
1954: In Los Angeles, the first Church of Scientology was established.
1957: British Colonial Government executed the Kenyan rebel leader Dedan Kemati.
1957: In New Zealand, the first person was legally executed. His name was Walter James Bolton.
1965: Gambia earned her independence from United Kingdom.