Wondering where to find the most important historical events that took place on this very day in both India and world? Your search ends right here. This article titled Today in History – December 31 – India and World provides a chronologically ordered list of historical events that took place on December 31. Let us take a look into the events. However, you need to find out the details about these events on your own…
What Happened On This Day in History – December 31
Today in History – December 31: “India”
1501: The first Battle of Cannanore, between Calicut and Portuguese, started on this day. Portuguese won.
1600: English East India Company received Royal Charter for trading with East Indies. Charter was given by Elizabeth I.
1738: Lord Cornwalis, the third Governor-General of India, was born on this day.
1802: Peshwa Baji Rao II of Marathas came under British suzeranity by subsidiary alliance.
1929: Gandhi led INC to vow for Swaraj or complete independence.
1941: Amritsar Govindsingh Milkha Singh, former Indain Test cricketer, was born on this day.
1984: Rajiv Gandhi became the Prime Minister of India for the second time.
Today in History – December 31: “World”
1660: France’s Louis XIV named England’s James II as Duke of Normandy.
1687: For the first time, France’s Huguenots started sailing from France to Cape of Good Hope.
1757: Russia’s Empress Elizabeth I issues ukase (decree) incorporating Königsberg into Russia.
1759: Arthur Guinness starts brewing Guinness on a 4-acre brewery which he took on lease for 9000 years by paying £45 every year.
1878: Karl Benz filed for a patent for his two-stroke gas engine (the first reliable one) while working in Germany. He was given the patent in 1879.
1879: Edison demonstrated incandescent lighting to public for the first time in Menlo Park, New Jersey.
1907: First time New Year’s eve was celebrated in Times Square (then called as Longacre Square) in Manhattan.
1944: During WWII, Hungary declared war on Germany.
1944: During WWII, last big German attack, Operation Nordwind, on Western Front started on this day .
1946: After WWII, President of US, Truman, officially declared the end of hostilities.