This article titled Today in History – December 3 – India and World is all about providing important historical events that took place on this very day in both India and rest of the world. The article will not provided detailed stories of any of the events mentioned here. The prime purpose of the article is to provide packaged information that is usually required for competitive exams like Indian Civil Services. So, if you are preparing for any such exam, this article should be of particular interest to you. Also, if you are just a curious history buff, you might as well find this article to be quite interesting.
What Happened On This Day in History – December 3
Today in History – December 3: “India”
1790: The power to administer criminal justice was taken away from Nawab of Murshidabad by Lord Cornwallis. Cornwallis also moved Sardar Nizamat Adalat to Calcutta (now Kolkata).
1882: Famous artist Nandalal Bose was born on this day in part of Bengal Presidency, which is now Bihar. He was one of the pioneers of Indian modern art and when it comes to Contextual Modernism, he was a key figure.
1884: Rajendra Prasad – the first President of Independent India – was born on this day. He was born in an area called Siwan in Bengal Presidency during the British rule.
1889: One of the most revered revolutionaries of India – Khudiram Bose – was born on this day in Habibpur, Midnapore District, Bengal Presidency. He was one of the youngest revolutionaries of India and died at a tender age of 18 years. He was involved in famous Muzaffarpur Bomb Case. He was eventually hanged to death.
1971: Indo-Pak war broke out on this day. National emergency was declared by President of India. At the end of the war, India gave a humiliating defeat to Pakistan and liberated East Pakistan to form today’s Bangladesh.
1979: Dhyan Chand – the hockey wizard and legend from India – died on this day. His performance in Berlin Olympics led Hitler to offer him German citizenship.
1984: By this day, 3,000 people in Bhopal had lost their lives and another 50,000 plus were in need to emergency medical service because of the toxic gas leakage from the insecticide plant of Union Carbide on the night of December 2.
Today in History – December 3: “World”
1799: During the War of Second Coalition, the Battle of Wiesloch was fought in which French forces were defeated by Austrian forces led by Lieutenant Field Marshal Anton Sztáray.
1800: During the War of Second Coalition, the Battle of Hohenlinden was fought near Munich in which Austrian forces were defeated by French forces under the command of General Moreau. This French victory coupled with earlier French victory under Napoleon Bonaparte at Marengo, eventually forced the Austrians to sign an armistice thereby effectively ending the war.
1818: United States gets its 21st state in form of Illinois.
1904: Charles Dillon Perrine discovered Himalia – the Jovian moon.
1910: Georges Claude demonstrated the first modern neon lighting at Paris Motor Show.
1912: The First Balkan War came to a temporary halt when Ottoman Empire signed an armistice with Serbia, Montenegro, Greece and Bulgaria. The armistice ended on February 3rd, 1913 and the First Balkan War resumed.
1944: During Greek Civil War, an armed conflict broke out between Greek government forces that had the backing of British Army and the ELAS. The conflict started in Athens.
1973: During the Pioneer Program, spacecraft Pioneer 10 sends the first ever closeup images of gas giant Jupiter.
1994: In Japan, PlayStation was released.