Time is fleeting and every moment has some story to say. Each of this story has a significance. This is the reason why we study history even though we don’t like it. In this article titled Today in History – December 16 – India and World we will learn about those stories that were etched by time. We will not delve deep in the stories. We will only take a look at the year-wise events that took place on this very day. You will have the opportunity to look deep into the background and study in details what really happened. The purpose of this article is to provide a study guide for aspirants of competitive examinations such as UPSC and banking examinations.
What Happened On This Day in History – December 16
Today in History – December 16: “India”
1515: Alfonso de Albuquerque – the Portuguese Governor who is considered to be the person who strengthened Portuguese hold on India – died on this day near Goa.
1929: Digging of a tunnel started under the Hooghly River by Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation.
1951: In Hyderabad, the Salar Jung Museum was established on this very day.
1952: Demanding a separate Andhra State, Sriramalu Potti laid down his life while being on fasting.
1966: India’s first major instrument factory called the Precision Instrument Factory was formally opened on this day. It was located in Kota.
1971: Pakistani forces surrendered to Indian forces in East Pakistan on this day. 90,000 Pakistani soldiers were captured by India as POWs. This was the largest since WWII. After the Indo-Pak War, East Pakistan emerged as a sovereign nation by the name of Bangladesh.
1985: First FBTR or Fast Breeder Test Reactor was commissioned on this day at Kalpakkam.
2012: Nirbhaya gang rape took place on this day in Delhi. It was a brutal rape that eventually led to death of the girl after a few days. After the event, nationwide protests started.
Today in History – December 16: “World”
1431: During the Hundred Years’ War, England’s Henry VI was crowned on this day as France’s King. He was crowned at Paris’ Notre Dame.
1497: Great Fish River was crossed by Vasco da Gama.
1575: Valdivia in Chile was hit by an earthquake of the magnitude of 8.5 (estimated).
1598: Battle of Noryang was fought during Seven-Year War. It was the final battle of the war that was fought between Japanese Navy and navies of Korean and Chinese allied forces. The battle ended with allied victory.
1689: Declaration of Right was embodied in the Bill of Rights during Convention Parliament.
1707: Hōei eruption of Mount Fuji – the last known eruption of Mount Fuji – took place on this day. The eruption continued till January 1, 1708. This happened during the Edo Period. There was no lava flow but 800 million cubic meters of volcanic ash was released that reached as far as 100 kilometers from Mount Fuji.
1880: The First Boer War broke out. The war was between British Empire and Boer South African Republic.
1883: Sơn Tây citadel was captured by the French forces during the Tonkin Campaign.
1912: During the First Balkan War, the Battle of Elli was fought in which the Ottoman Navy was defeated by Royal Hellenic Navy.
1938: Cross of Honour of the German Mother was instituted by Adolf Hitler.
1941: Miri, Sarawak was occupied by Japanese forces during the WWII.
1950: During the Korean War, when the Chinese troops entered the conflict in support of communist North Korea, American President Harry S. Truman declared a state of emergency.
1991: Independence was declared by Kazakhstan from the Soviet Union.