This article titled Today in History – December 14 – India and World presents to you a selected collection of the most important historical events that took place on this day in history. This article will be beneficial for those who are preparing for national-level competitive examinations for jobs. UPSC aspirants are the ones who will benefit from it most. So, let us begin…
What Happened On This Day in History – December 14
Today in History – December 14: “India”
1812: Charles Canning was born on this day. He was the first Governor General and Viceroy of India. The 1857 Revolt or Sepoy Mutiny took place during his tenure.
1931: Suniti Chowdhury and Shanti Ghose – two school girls – killed Charles Geoffrey Buckland Stevens on this day using revolver. Stevens was collector and magistrate of Comilla, which is now in Bangladesh.
1918: Bellur Krishnamachar Sundararaja Iyengar – one of the foremost teachers of Yoga in whole world and India – was born on this day. He was a Padma Vibhushan awardee.
1920: Shiromani Akali Dal was found on this day.
Today in History – December 14: “World”
1751: In Austria’s Wiener Neustadt, the Theresian Military Academy was founded.
1782: Hot air balloon (unmanned) was test-flown for the first time by Montgolfier brothers. The balloon floated for nearly 2 kilometers.
1812: Invasion of Russia by France comes to an end with expelling of remaining Grande Armée from Russian soil.
1814: During the War of 1812, Lake Borgne’s (located in Louisiana) control was seized by the Royal Navy.
1819: Alabama became United State’s 22nd state.
1836: Toledo War came to an unofficial ending on this day.
1900: In Quantum Mechanics, theoretical derivation of ‘black-body radiation law’ was provided by Max Planck.
1903: First attempt to fly with Wright Flyer was made by Wright Brothers.
1913: Haruna – fourth and also the last of the Kongō class battlecruiser of Japan was launched on this day. It played a major role in both World War I and World War II. The ship was finally sunk on July 28, 1945 by US Navy’s Fast Carrier Task Force.
1939: During the Winter War, League of Nations expelled Soviet Union for invading Finland.
1940: In Berkeley, California, Pu-238 (Plutonium) was first isolated.
1962: Mariner 2 of NASA became first spacecraft to fly by Venus.
1971: During Bangladesh Liberation War, Pakistani army and their local alliances executed more than 200 intellectuals of East Pakistan (which eventually became Bangladesh).
2003: An assassination attempt was made on Pervez Musharraf – the then Pakistani President. He narrowly escaped.