Preparing for competitive exams can be really difficult and if there’s something that can really turn off the mood is finding important historical events and their dates. To prevent the aspirants from undergoing such pain and focus on what’s more important, we have created this Today in History section. This particular article titled Today in History – December 12 – India and World brings all the important historical events that took place on this very day under a single roof. So, let’s get started and find out what really happened on this very day…
What Happened On This Day in History – December 12
Today in History – December 12: “India”
1758: Lally – a French General – sieged the Madras fort that was being held by the British forces. However, on February 16, 1759, Lally retreated and that lifted the siege, giving back the control of the fort to the British.
1882: Ananda Math – a famous Bengali novel by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay – was published on this day.
1901: Brahmacharya Ashram was started by Rabindranath Tagore on this day at Shantiniketan.
1911: Queen Mary and King George V of England held the Delhi Durbar on this day. They were enthroned as empress and emperor of India. The first partition of Bengal was annulled by the King on this very day.
1911: Calcutta was replaced by Delhi as the capital of India.
1959: The then US President – D. D. Eisenhower – arrived in New Delhi on this day.
1964: One of the most famous Hindi poets of all time – Maithili Saran Gupta – died on this day.
1964: The inaugural flight was made by Indian Jet Trainer – HJT-16.
1965: Vijayanta – India’s first indigenous Main Battle Tank was rolled out of the assembly line at Avadi.
1971: Abolition of privileges and privy purses of princely state rulers in India was approved by the parliament.
Today in History – December 12: “World”
1098: During the First Crusade, the Siege of Ma’arrat al-Numan took place when the crusaders managed to enter the town and eventually massacred over 20,000 people. When the crusaders found food in short supplies, it is said that they resorted to cannibalism.
1781: During the American Revolutionary War, the Second Battle of Ushant takes place in which a French fleet was defeated by a British fleet.
1787: 5 days after Delaware ratified US Constitution, Pennsylvania became the second state to do the same on this very day.
1862: During American Civil War, USS Cairo became the first armored ship that was sunk using a controlled mine. It was sunk in Yazoo River.
1897: Brazil’s first planned city – Belo Horizonte – was founded.
1937: During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the USS Panay incident took place when USS Panay – a gunboat of USA was sunk in Yangtze river in China by a Japanese aircraft bombing.
1939: During the Winter War, the Battle of Tolvajärvi took place where the Soviet Union’s forces were defeated by the Finnish forces. It was the first Finnish victory during the war.
1941: During WWII, war was declared on Bulgaria by United Kingdom. On the other hand, war was declared on United States by Hungary and Romania. Also, war was declared on Japan by India.
1956: The Border Campaign of the Irish Republican Army started.
1963: Independence was gained by Kenya from United Kingdom.
1991: Russian Federation gained her independence from the USSR.