This article titled Today in History – December 10 – India and World has been specifically designed for aspirants of civil services. However, it can also be used as a study material by those who are opting for other competitive examinations such as banking exams or SSC etc. where history is important. This article only provides the most important historical events that took place on this day in both India and world. So, let us begin…
What Happened On This Day in History – December 10
Today in History – December 10: “India”
1761: Maharani Tarabai Bhosale died on this day. Some historians claim that she died on December 9, 1761. She was the queen of Chhatrapati Rajaram Bhosale. She was Shivaji’s (founder of Maratha Empire) daughter-in-law and was the mother of Shivaji II. After the death of Rajaram Bhosale, she acted as regent since her son was a minor. She kept the war with Mughals alive.
1857: Veer Narayan Singh – a landlord from Chhattisgarh’s Sonakhan – died on this day. He spearheaded the 1857 revolt from Chhattisgarh. He was executed by the British on this day.
1878: Chakravarti Rajagopalachari was born on this day. He was a statesman, a writer, a lawyer, a politician and an Independence activist. He was the first and only Indian Governor General of India.
1878: Muhammad Ali Jauhar was born on this day. He was one of the founding members of Jamia Millia Islamia.
Today in History – December 10: “World”
1652: Commonwealth of England was forced to reform its navy after it was defeated in the Battle of Dungeness.
1665: Michiel de Ruyter founded the the Royal Netherlands Marine Corps.
1684: Kepler’s Law that Isaac Newton derived from his theory of gravity and penned down in the paper De motu corporum in gyrum was read by Edmond Halley in Royal Society.
1799: Metre was adopted by France as the official unit of length.
1817: Mississippi became United State’s 20th state.
1877: During the Russo-Turkish War that lasted from 1877 to 1878, Plevna was captured by the Russian Army after a siege that lasted for 5 months. 25,000-strong Turkish garrison that survived eventually surrendered to Russian Army. This Russian victory was decisive for the whole war’s outcome and eventually for the Liberation of Bulgaria.
1898: During Spanish-American war, the conflict officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris.
1901: First Nobel Prizes were awarded on this day.
1932: Thailand became constitutional monarchy on this very day.
1941: During WWII, torpedo bombers of Imperial Japanese Navy sunk HMS Repulse and HMS Prince of Wales near British Malaya.
1948: United Nations signed the Human Rights Convention.
1963: Zanzibar earned her independence from United Kingdom but as a constitutional monarchy.
1968: Japan’s biggest and yet unsolved heist was carried out on this day. It was a 300 million Yen robbery.
1983: In Argentina, democracy was restored after President Raúl Alfonsín’s inauguration.
1984: Convention against Torture was recognized by United Nations General Assembly.
1996: Nelson Mandela promulgated South Africa’s New Constitution.