What Happened On This Day in History – September 2
Today in History – September 2: “India”
1573: Gujarat captured by Akbar after winning a war near Ahmedabad.
1894: Birth of historian, critic and Oriya littérateur – Shri Vinayak Mishra
1911: Birth of poet Chamaklal Dahyabhai Vyas in Vyara, Gujarat.
1918: Birth of Lalnishan Party and a renowned expert on ‘Water’ – Shri Datta Deshmukh.
1946: Jawaharlal Nehru sworn in as Undivided India’s Interim Government’s Prime Minister for supporting against partition of India.
1956: 120 people killed after the RR Bridge collapses under a train.
1960: Death of famous Indian Botanist – Dr. Shankar Purushottam Adharkar.
1970: New Delhi’s 279 maharajas lose their privileges because of a Parliamentary decision.
1970: Kanyakumari’s Vivekananda Rock Memorial inaugurated by President V.V. Giri.
1984: Protesting occupation of Amritsar, thousands of Sikhs come rallying at the famous Golden Temple.
1992: CBI indicted by Delhi High Court in the infamous Bofors Case. The court also quashes letters rogatory and FIR.
1993: Appointment of new Chief of Navy takes place. Vice Admiral V.S. Shekhawat gets the responsibility.
1996: Gary Kasparov defeated by Viswanathan Anand in Geneva’s Rapid Chess Tournament.
1998: Pilotless training aircraft that DRDO created successfully tested at Chandipur, Orissa. The aircraft was named Nishant.
Today in History – September 2: “World”
44 BCE: Egypt’s Pharaoh Cleopatra VII declares son as Egypt’s co-ruler. He was named Ptolemy XV Caesarion.
31 BCE: In Battle of Actium of Final War of Roman Republic, Octavian’s forces defeat Cleopatra and Mark Antony’s troops off Greece’s western coast.
1192: Third Crusade comes to an end after Saladin and Richard I of England sign the Treaty of Jaffa.
1649: Wars of Castro ends when Pope Innocent X’s forces completely destroy Castro – the Italian city.
1666: London’s Great Fire starts, destroying St. Paul’s Cathedral and 10,000 other building over the course of 3 days.
1752: Gregorian Calendar adopted by Great Britain. Rest of Europe adopted it almost 200 years earlier.
1792: During September Massacres of French Revolution, 3 Bishops of Roman Catholic Church, 200+ priests and many prisoners believed to be sympathizers of Royalists were slaughtered by rampaging mobs.
1806: 457 people killed and Goldau town destroyed in Switzerland because of a massive landslide.
1807: In order to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to French ruler Napoleon Bonaparte, Copenhagen was bombarded by Royal Navy. Phosphorus rockets and fire bombs were used by Royal Navy.
1856: In China’s Nanjing, Tianjing incident takes place.
1867: Masako Ichijō by Japan’s Emperor Meiji. Since then, the Emperor Consort becomes known by the name Lady Haruko.
1870: In Battle of Sedan of the Franco-Prussian War, France’s Napoleon III and 10,000 of his soldiers were taken as prisoners by Prussian forces.
1898: In Battle of Omdurman, Sudanese tribesmen are defeated by Egyptian and British troops, thereby effectively establishing British dominance in Sudan.
1939: During WWII, after invading Poland on September 1, Nazi Germany annexes Free City of Danzing (which is currently under Poland and is known as Gdańsk).
1945: Pacific Theater’s combat comes to an end during WWII when Mamoru Shigemitsu – Japanese Foreign Minister signs Japanese Instrument of Surrender.
1945: Independence declared by Vietnam and Democratic Republic of Vietnam was established. France was the colonial force from which Vietnam took independence.