What Happened On This Day in History – September 1
Today in History – September 1: “India”
1604 – Guru Granth Sahib or Adi Granth – Sikh’s Holy Scripture – first installed at Harmandir Sahib [Golden Temple].
1668 – King of England handed Mumbai over to East India Company.
1798 – Nizam of Hyderabad and England sign a treaty.
1942: Indian National Army established by Rash Behari Bose.
1947: India adopted Indian Standard Time.
1947: Gandhi goes into fasting demanding unity of Hindus and Muslims. Fasting breaks 73 hours later once peace is restored.
1956: LIC (Life Insurance Corporation) of India established and every other insurance business was merged with LIC after they were nationalised.
1956: Tripura becomes Union Territory with autonomy being granted to her.
1956: Line of Control, Kashmir infiltrated by Pakistani troops.
1965: Operation ‘Grand Slam’ launched by Pakistan in Chhamb sector, aiming for Akhnoor in Jammu. This was followed by clash between Indian and Pakistani troops on ground and in air.
1977: M. L. Wadhawan is appointed as India’s Narcotics Commissioner. He stays in office up to September 2, 1979.
1998: Delhi banned leaded petrol
1995: Chandrababu Naidu becomes new Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh and assumes office.
1999: Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award given to Jyotirmoyee Sikdar – ace athlete of India.
1999: ISRO’s Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre’s Director – Dr. S. Srinivasan dies in Thiruvananthapuram.
Today in History – September 1: “World”
1449: Emperor of China captured by Mongols during Tumu Crisis.
1529: Sancti Spiritu – a Spanish fort built in modern day Argentina – the first Spanish fort in the country – was destroyed by Natives.
1715: After 72 years of reign, France’s King Louis XIV dies. That was the longest reign by any monarch in Europe.
1774: Rising of colonists of Massachusetts Bay in bloodless Powder Alarm.
1804: Karl Ludwig Harding discovers Main Belt’s one of the largest asteroids – Juno.
1873: Cetshwayo becomes Zulu nation’s King after his father Mpande dies.
1878: Emma Nutt becomes first-in-world female telephone operator. Alexander Graham Bell recruited her to Boston Telephone Dispatch Company.
1880: Second Anglo-Afghan War comes to an end after Battle of Kandahar when the British forces routed Mohammad Ayub Khan’s army.
1894: In Minnesota’s Hinckley, the Great Hinckley Fire claims 400 lives.
1905: Canadian Federation joined by Saskatchewan and Alberta.
1914: St. Petersburg, Russia assumes the new name Petrograd.
1923: 105,000 people killed by devastating earthquake that hits Yokohama and Tokyo. It was known as Great Kantō Earthquake.
1958: Cod Wars begin when fishing zone expanded by Iceland, putting her in direct confrontation with United Kingdom.
1961: An Ethiopian policeman shot by Hamid Idris Awate, thereby officially starting Eritrean War of Independence.
1969: Muammar Gaddafi comes to power following a coup in Libya.
1991: Uzbekistan declares her independence from Russia.