While history might not be an enticing subject for many (including us), it is actually important. While ‘historical lessons’ are something we can all use in some way or the other, this particular article called Today in History – November 29 – India and World serves a whole different purpose. It serves as a source of packaged information on historical facts that you will need for your civil services examination. So, let us get started…
What Happened On This Day in History – November 29
Today in History – November 29: “India”
1612: Today was the first day of the Battle of Swally (today known as Suvali located near Gujarat). The battle was fought between the English and the Portuguese. At the end of the battle, the Portuguese lost and thus ended monopoly of Portuguese in Indian trade. The loss of Portuguese eventually paved the path for the English in India.
1856: First time ever, postal envelop was introduced in India.
1869: Amritlal Vithaldas Thakkar – a famous social worker – was born on this day in Bhavnagar, which was at time, a princely state in what is today known as the state of Gujarat.
1961: World’s first cosmonaut – Russia’s Yuri Gagarin – arrived at India.
1948: Discrimination against anyone on the grounds of untouchability was completely banned by Assembly.
1970: Haryana became the first state in India to achieve 100% electrification of villages.
1993: J R D Tata – aviator and eminent industrialist died on this day.
Today in History – November 29: “World”
1776: Battle of Fort Cumberland in Nova Scotia – fought during American Revolutionary War – came to an end when the British reinforcements arrived.
1830: November Uprising began on this day. Also known as Polish-Russian War, it was an armed rebellion against Russian rule in Poland.
1864: In the Battle of Spring Hill during American Civil War, an opportunity of crushing Army of Ohio was missed by Confederate Army of Tennesse.
1877: For the first time, Thomas Edison demonstrated his phonograph.
1890: In Japan, the Meiji Constitution went into effect.
1944: During WWII, Partisans liberated Albania.
1945: Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia was declared on this day.
1947: United States General Assembly approved Palestine Partition Plan.
1961: During Project Mercury, Mercury-Atlas 5 Mission was launched. A Chimpanzee called Enos was launched into space. The spacecraft revolved around Earth twice and then splashed down off Puerto Rico’s coast.
1963: Warren Commission was established by President Lyndon B. Johnson for investigating President J F Kennedy’s assassination.
1967: Robert McNamara – U.S. Secretary of Defense – resigned during the Vietnam War.