What Happened On This Day in History – August 30
Today in History – August 30: “India”
1569: Salim Mirza Jahangir was born at Fatehpur Sikri. He was Akbar’s son and fourth Mughal Emperor. Some historians contest the date as 31st August.
1574: Guru Ram Das appointed as 4th Sikh Guru.
1645: A peace treaty is signed between the Dutch and the Indians.
1659: Death of Dara Shikoh plotted by Aurangzeb. Dara Shikoh was Aurangzeb’s brother. Dara Shikoh was beheaded and the decapitated body was put in a vault right under Humayun’s tomb.
1751: Chanda Saheb lost Arcot to British troops led by Sir Robert Clive.
1773: Raghunath Rao murdered Narayan Rao Peshwa. Raghunath Rao was Narayan Rao’s uncle. After the misdeed, Raghunath Rao declared / proclaimed himself as Peshwa.
1903: Bhagwati Charan Sharma – a leading Hindi writer who wrote several novels – was born. His most famous work is Chitralekha.
1908: Ganpatrao Devji Tapase – an Independence activist – was born in Haryana. He later went on to become Uttar Pradesh’s governor.
1928: Plan for freeing India from Colonial Rule was laid down by Jawaharlal Nehru. Next year 1929 he was unanimously elected as INC (Indian National Congress) President.
1936: Madam Bhikaji Rustum Cama died at Bombay (now Mumbai). She was a revolutionary, a freedom fighter and a politician.
1983: INSAT-1B (Indian National Satellite) launched by US Space Shuttle. It was the nation’s meteorology and multipurpose communication satellite. It was designed to last for 7 years but it worked longer than that.
1990: Prasar Bharati Bill unanimously passed by Parliament.
1992: First Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH) that was built in India by India made a successful flight in Bangalore for the first time.
1993: Higher commission declared for Petrol and LPG dealers.
2000: Atal Bihari Vajpayee – the then PM of India announced a package scheme for small units where loan ceiling of INR 10 lakhs was increased to INR 25 lakhs. Handloom sector received another scheme that came at a cost of INR 447 crores.
Today in History – August 30: “World”
526: Dysentery kills King Theoderic the Great at Ravenna. Amalasuntha, daughter of the King, takes control as regent for Athalaric – her 10-year-old son.
1363: Battle of Lake Poyang begins and continues for 5 weeks. Zhu Yuanzhang and Chen Youliang – the two Chinese rebel leaders clash with each other in the battle in order to decide who will be replacing Yuan Dynasty. Zhu Yuanzhang won.
1464: Pope Paul II becomes 211th Pope by succeeding Pope Pius II.
1590: Tokugawa Ieyasu entered into the Edo Castle. As per traditional Japanese date, the event took place on August 1, 1590.
1727: Great Britain’s King George II’s eldest daughter Anne gets the title ‘Princess Royal’.
1813: French forces lose to allied forces of Austria, Prussia and Russia in First Battle of Kulm.
1835: Melbourne, Victoria founded.
1914: Russia defeated by Germany at Battle of Tannerberg during World War I.
1918: Vladimir Lenin – the Bolshevik leader seriously injured as Fanni Kaplan shoots him. Only a few days earlier, Moisei Uritsky – a senior Bolshevik official was assassinated. This leads to the command for Red Terror.
1922: Turkish War of Independence’s final battle fought at Battle of Dumlupınar. Turkish forces and Greek forces face each other, ending with a decisive Turkish victory.
1940: Hungary gets back territory of Norther Translyvania from Romania via Second Vienna Award.
1942: Battle of Alam el Halfa starts. It was a battle during World War II.
1945: British Armed Forces liberate Hong Kong from Japan.
1981: People’s Mujahedin of Iran assassinate Prime Minister Mohammad-Javad Bahonar and President Mohammad-Ali Rajai by a bomb blast.
1991: Independence declared by Azerbaijan from Soviet Union during Dissolution of Soviet Union.