What Happened On This Day in History – August 26
Today in History – August 26: “India”
1303: Rana Bhim Singh loses to Alauddin Khilji and Chittorgarh Fort gets captured. Queen Padmini and few hundred other women take part in mass self-immolation called Jauhar Pratha before they could be captured by Khilji. This battle was actually fought over Queen Padmini.
1852: Establishment date for Bombay Association.
1874: Birth of philosopher and politician Ishwar Sharan Munshi.
1909: Birth of one of the greatest historians produced by India – Dr. Moti Chandra.
1914: 46,000 pistols and bullet ammunitions looted from Calcutta Port by Bengali revolutionaries to support their revolutionary activities.
1927: A Second radio center was established and started in Calcutta.
1947: Bhopal’s Nawab announced Bhopal state’s accession to Indian Dominion.
1949: K. T. Shah-led Social Democratic Party was formed.
1967: Death of Dilawar Hussain. He was a cricketer and played for Indian cricket team as a wicket keeper during the 1930s.
1975: Death of Padmabhushan awardee – Dr. Narayan Subbarao Hardikar. He was a journalist and a freedom fighter.
1984: A Boeing aircraft of Indian Airlines was hijacked by 12 Sikh men. The plane had a total of 68 passengers and an additional 6-member crew. The hijackers however surrendered in UAE to the authorities and all the passengers and crew members were released unscathed.
1996: Harshad Mehta – a stockbroker and a businessman – was asked to pay INR 217 crores to Income Tax Department by Supreme Court of India.
1997: 1952’s EPF (Employee Provident Fund) Scheme receives amendment wherein it was made mandatory for the PF Commissioner to clear and settle all claims that are received by him/her within 30 days from receipt date.
1997: Position of Rajya Sabha Chairman taken over by Vice President – Shri Krishna Kant.
1997: A narrow escape for Uri Sector Commander – Brigadier Jasbir Singh Lidder along with one another senior officer of army Pakistani firing close to Jammu and Kashmir LOC. Pakistan fired on their cavalcade at Chakori.
Today in History – August 26: “World”
1071: Byzantine Army defeated by Seljuq Turks at Battle of Manzikert. Anatolia falls into the hands of Seljuq Turks.
1346: In the Battle of Crécy (of the Hundred Years’ War), English longbow establishes its supremacy over combination of armored knights and crossbows of France.
1498: Michelangelo given charge of carving Pietà.
1768: England’s James Cook sets sail with HMS Endeavour.
1883: Paroxysmal stage of Karakatoa eruption begins.
1914: Togoland – a German colony – finally surrenders to British and French forces after a campaign that lasted for 20 days.
1920: Women in United States get voting rights after US Constitutions 19th amendment takes place.
1922: Turkish army launched the ‘Great Offensive’ or Büyük Taarruz during 1919-22 Greco-Turkish War, overrunning the major defensive positions of the Greeks.
1942: At Chortkiv, German Schutzpolizei and Ukrainian police deport 2,000 Jews to Bełżec extermination camp. Spot murder of 500 children and sick Jewish people took place.
1944: Charles de Gaulle, during World War II, enters Paris.
1966: Omugulugwombashe battle kicks starts the Namibian War of Independence.
1977: National Assembly of Quebec adopts Charter of the French Language.
1997: Algeria’s Ben Ali Massacre claims lives of 60 to 100 people.
1999: Second Chechen War started by Russia in response to Islamic International Peace Keeping Brigade’s Invasion of Dagestan.
2015: During live reporting at Virginia’s Moneta, two journalists of USA shot dead.