Hold your horses before you shout – ‘Hey see, science now agrees that god exists!’ When scientists say that the Garden of Eden was real, they don’t really mean that god existed. They simply used the proverbial name to describe a piece of land that allowed humans to survive against all odds that nature threw at them. So, where is that land located? Why are scientists calling this land as the Garden of Eden? What really happened? We are about to find out.
The story goes a long, really very very long time back – some 195,000 years back. That was the time when a particularly devastating Ice Age made its way into territories that were inhabited by humans and other animals. Now, since that Ice Age was particularly devastating it was killing anything and everything in the lands that it invaded. The humans were no different. Those early humans were getting killed left and right and their escape seemed impossible.
The cold that was unleashed by the Ice Age was terrifying and every known food source that those early humans depended on was getting wiped out gradually. While the decline of the food sources was a major cause for declining human population, the bitter cold also turned out to be a killing machine too.
Sadly, the Ice Age had struck at a time when Homo sapiens had evolved not too long ago. There wasn’t much that our early ancestors could do to protect themselves from nature’s fury. Ill-equipped and no knowledge of how nature works, the fight for survival was epic. Most of the early human race was wiped out and only a handful of them managed to reach the land that scientists call the Garden of Eden.
According to Arizona State University’s Institute of Human Origins’ Professor Curtis Marean, nature nearly extinguished the newly evolved human race by making them face extremely harsh conditions. Professor Marean says that only a handful of those early humans sought refuge on a coastal land strip on the southern coast of Africa.
Studies conducted by scientists revealed that the sea currents that headed for the land were rich in nutrients. In conjunction to that, the land was also blessed with rich vegetation and somehow, the Ice Age did not manage to invade the land mass. Those who managed to reach there, took shelter in the caves and rode away the killer weather.
Why this theory?
Well, scientific studies have revealed than modern humans do not have as much genetic diversity as other species of animals have. In fact, modern humans have far less DNA than they should have. This led to the thought that all humans that live today actually came from a tiny group of early humans.
The proponents of this Garden of Eden theory say that may be, only a few hundred of the early humans managed to survive and populated the Garden of Eden.
Though this theory is pretty interesting, a lion’s share of the scientific community disagrees with the theory. Those who disagree do not do so because it is outlandish or something like that. They rather do so on the grounds of lack of evidence.
It was Professor Marean came up with the theory after stumbling over an isolated set of caves during his study at South Africa’s Pinnacle Point, which is located 386 kilometers outwards from Cape Town towards the east. The cave was a treasure trove of artifacts used by ancient humans. The archeological remains, according to Professor Marean, are as old as 164,000 year old or even older.