Are you planning to visit the highest mountain that Australia has to offer after this world crisis is over? Before you set off for the journey, why don’t you learn a few interesting Mount Kosciuszko facts?
Australia is a continent that offers you everything! From top-notch educational institutions to multinational companies to one of the rarest marvels of nature (the Great Barrier Reef).
Not just that Australia is the land of marvelous mountains, mighty rivers and other splendid geographical features. As everyone say, indeed “there’s nothing like Australia.”
Okay, enough talks! Time to learn some fascinating Mount Kosciuszko facts.
Mount Kosciuszko Facts: Location and Stats
Fact 1: Mount Kosciuszko or Mount Kosciusko is the highest mountain of Australia.
Fact 2: It stands at a height of 7,310 feet or 2,228 meters above sea level.
Fact 3: It is present in the south east side of New South Wales near to Jindabyne. It is located on the Main Range which is a part of the Great Dividing Range (largest mountain range in Australia).
Fact 4: It is present in the Kosciuzko National Park (the largest national park in the whole of New South Wales) which is a part of Australian Alps National Parks and Reserves.
Fact 5: It is around 390 kilometers or 240 miles southwest towards Sydney.
Fact 6: Other mountains which surround Mount Kosciuszko are Mount Townsend, Mount Twynam, and Mount North Ramshead.
Fact 7: It has an area of 6,900 square kilometers.
Etymology of Mount Kosciuszko
Fact 8: Pawel Edmund Strzelecki, a Polish explorer, gave the mountain the name Kosciuszko in the year 1840.
Fact 9: He named the mountain after freedom fighter, General Tadeusz Kościuszko to honor him for his tremendous efforts during Polish-Lithuanian war.
Fact 10: Another reason for naming after Kosciuszko is its resemblance towards Kościuszko mound which is present in Poland’s Kraków.
Fact 11: In 2019, Toomaroombah Kunama Namadgi Indigenous Corporation proposed an alternative name of Kunama Namadgi to Geographical Names Board of New South Wales.
Fact 12: Kunama Namadgi means snow and mountain.
Fact 13: Tar-gan-gil is the name that is given by Australian aboriginals. Other names are jagungal, tacking-al, jar-gan-gil etc. These names mean ‘table top mountain’.
Fact 14: Locals usually call it “Kozzy” mountain.
Strzelecki’s Southern Expedition
Fact 15: Pawel Edmund Strzelecki and James Macarthur, along with others, went for an exploration called Strzelecki’s Southern expedition.
Fact 19: This exploration party was guided by Jackey Tarra and Charlie Tarra.
Fact 20: They wanted to investigate the climate, geography, geology etc. of New South Wales.
Fact 21: Pawel reached the peak of Mount Townsend but he noticed that he observed that there is another peak which is taller than Mount Townsend.
Fact 22: He reached the peak of Mount Kosciuszko on 12 March, 1840. Needless to say, he is the first person to scale this mountain.
Fact 23: The expedition team (except James Macarthur) reached Mount Kosciuszko from Geehi Valley.
Fact 24: Based on Pawel’s records, cartographers mapped the peak of the highest mountain of Australia.
Fact 25: The cartographers of Victoria mistakenly mapped Mount Kosciusko in the place of Mount Townsend. Maps of NSW showed the actual position of the mountain.
Fact 26: The wrong mapping created confusion. In 1885 Robert von Lendenfeld, an Australian explorer, reached Mount Townsend and thought that he reached Mount Kosciuszko.
Fact 27: A cartographer and historian of Lands department of New South Wales, B.T. Dowd, fixed this error in 1940. Many sources like maps of NSW and historical journey of Macarthur confirmed the observations of Dowd.
Fact 28: Earlier the mountain was spelt “Mount Kosciusko” but Geographical Names Board of New South Wales officially adopted the spelling “Mount Kosciuszko” in the year 1997.
Fact 29: It must be noted that higher peaks than Mount Kosciuszko are also present like Mawson Peak (stands at a height of 2,745 meters or 9,006 feet), Mount McClintock (3,490 meters or 11,450 feet), Dome Argus (4,030 meters or 13,220 feet) etc.
Fact 30: These mountains are present in Australian Antarctica Territory and hence they are not considered as highest peaks of Australia.
Fact 31: Yet another mountain, Puncak Jaya (height of 4,884 meters or 16,024 feet) which is in New Guinea, Indonesia is the tallest mountain in Oceania.
Note: Some of the territories of Indonesia are considered to be present in Oceania. So, Indonesia is a trans-continental country (part in Asia and part in Oceania).
So, it must be noted that Mount Kosciuszko is the highest mountain of Australia not Oceania.
Mount Kosciuszko Facts: Vegetation, flora and fauna
Fact 32: The area of Mount Kosciuszko is one of the few areas which experiences four seasons. Having said that, it must be noted that the climate on mountains is pretty unpredictable.
Fact 33: This mountain has a rocky terrain. It is also covered by dense forests (alpine forests). This area may experience heavy rainfall during winters.
Fact 34: At its peak, swamps and marshes are seen.
Fact 35: Mountain Pygmy Possum is one of the endemic animals present in this mountainous region.
Fact 36: A lizard species was named after Mount Kosciuszko. The species was named Eulamprus kosciuskoi.
Fact 37: This mountain is home for several endemic species of flora and fauna. Nearly 40% of bird species of total NSW are present here.
Fact 38: UNESCO declared Kosciuszko National Park as World Biosphere Reserve in 1997.
Climate of Mount Kosciusko
Fact 39: During Pleistocene Epoch (20,000 years ago), glaciers were formed. These glaciers surrounded Mount Kosciuszko.
Fact 40: Over time, these glaciers formed cirques and moraines. Some of them are filled with water permanently and are very deep. These formations are called glacial lakes.
Fact 41: Mount Kosciuszko is covered with snow from June to October. Hence, this area is excellent for winter sports.
Fact 42: Average temperature is -6 degrees Celsius in the month of June and 21 degrees Celsius in the month of January.
Other Mount Kosciuszko Facts
Fact 43: The mountain is not formed by any volcanic activity. It was formed due to geological uplift of continental plates of Earth due to natural forces.
Fact 44: Over 3 million people visit Kosciuszko National Park per year and nearly 30,000 go for trekking on this mountain.
Fact 45: Highest toilet in Australia is present below the peak of Mount Kosciuszko. It is present at Rawson’s Pass.
Fact 46: Mount Kosciuszko is included in Dick Bass’s original 7 summits, which was given in 1985. However, it is debatable because if Oceania is considered then Carstensz Pyramid or Puncak Jaya will be included in the original 7 summits but if only Australia is considered then it is Mount Kosciuszko.
Fact 47: Though it is the highest mountain of Australia, climbing this mountain is easy. Trekkers have to walk only for 6 kilometers to reach the summit.
Fact 48: Till 1977, people could actually drive up to the summit of this mountain. But it was banned due to environmental concerns.