Ice Bear Facts: 11-15 | Hunting Style of Polar Bears
11. The Lords of the Arctic have three different hunting styles. One of those is to raid birth lairs created by female seals. This lairs are created in snow and provide an easy hunting ground for the bears.
12. The second method is that of stalking. Yes, polar bears are stealth hunters. If a bear spots a seal resting on ice, it will stalk and walk slowly until it reaches within 90 meters. The bear will then start crouching. If the seal fails to spot the bear, it will crouch as close as 9 to 12 meters and then suddenly charge forward to catch the seal.
13. The third hunting style is by far the most popular hunting style of the ice bear. It is known as the still-hunting method. In this method, the bear will sniff and efficiently locate a breathing hole of a seal and get close to it stealthily.
14. Once close, the bear will sit still and wait for the seal to appear. When the seal exhales, the white bear can immediately smell the breath and know that the seal has appeared. It will then use its forepaw to reach for the seal and use its scooped claws to grab the seal and pull it out.
15. Once the seal is out, the polar bear will bite on the seal’s head and crush the skull with a powerful bite. This will instantly kill the seal and voila! The meal will be ready.
Ice Bear Facts: 16-20 | Dietary Habits of Polar Bears
16. The primary diet of a polar bear is composed of Bearded Seals and Ringed Seals. In general, the mature bears will eat the blubber and skin of seals as they are rich in calories. In addition to that, those material are also highly digestible.
17. The younger bears on the other hand are known for eating the meat of the killed seal as the meat is rich in protein. Subadult polar bears are known for scavenging the leftover carcasses of the kills of the mature bears.
18. The problem with subadult polar bears is that though they separate away from their mothers, they are not big enough to kill seals on their own. However, even if the manage to kill one, they need to defend it from the bigger seals. Failure to defend the kill will force them to eat the leftover carcasses.
19. It may sound really surprising but did you know that polar bears can kill seals only 2% of the times they attempt to hunt? Yes, they are not very efficient killers and that is especially true when then they are trying to hunt on land (ice) or in open waters. They are known for efficiently hunting seals in the interface between air, ice and water.
20. While seals are what they usually prefer, they are not limited to eating seals only. They can go for other meals as well. There are documented instances where polar bears have been found to scale nearly vertical cliffs to eat eggs, birds and chicks.