Can Dogs Eat Tomatoes?

Tomatoes are amongst the most delectable vegetables available to humans, but can dogs eat tomatoes? The simple answer is yes, dogs can eat tomatoes if their owners are aware of the dangers.

Tomatoes are a member of the nightshade family, and certain portions of these plants may be harmful to dogs if taken in high quantities. Despite tomato poisoning is uncommon, it is possible, specifically if your pet comes into contact with unripe tomatoes.

Can Dogs Eat Tomatoes?

Snacking on the fleshy bits of a fresh red tomato in modest amounts will not harm your dog. However, dogs should never consume stems, leaves of tomato plant and they should also avoid green, unripe tomatoes.

Tomatoes are nightshade plants, which means they contain a chemical called solanine in their stems and leaves, as well as in their unripe fruit before it becomes red.

Solanine is harmful to dogs in high doses, however after the fruit ripens, the levels of solanine in tomato flesh become non-toxic.

Due to the high concentration of solanine in tomato stems, unripe tomatoes, and leaves, dog owners who have vegetable gardens should keep their dogs away from tomato plants. They  can be harmful if exposed to or consumed.

This does not imply that you must hide tomatoes from your dog. Simply keep them (the green parts of tomato plant) out of reach. And if you’re tempted to share tomato with your dog, ensure the tomato is completely ripe and free of stem and leaves.

Other members of the nightshade family are potatoes, hot peppers, bell peppers, goji berries, eggplant, and blueberries

What About Fried Green Tomatoes?

While fried green tomatoes are a delectable treat for humans, they contain tomatine and solanine, which might make your dog sick. Thus, as delectable as they may be for us dog owners, they are a no-no for puppies.

What About Paste, Sauces, and Ketchup?

Tomato sauces, ketchups, etc. may include a variety of substances that are harmful to your dog. Moreover, they may include high amounts of onions or garlic (among other things), which may induce stomach or intestinal distress.

Also, sugars or even artificial sweeteners may be added to processed tomato products such as ketchup and sauce. Always check the ingredient labels to avoid artificial sweeteners such as Xylitol, which is particularly hazardous to dogs.

What about cooked Tomatoes and Tomato Pomace?

Cooked tomatoes are just as safe as ripe tomatoes for dogs, and tomato pomace is a regular addition in a variety of dog meals.

Tomato pomace is a byproduct of ripe tomatoes that contains the peel, pulp, and seeds. It is frequently produced as a byproduct of human food manufacturing.

Can Dogs Consume Cherry and Grape Tomatoes?

Tomatoes come in a variety of shapes and sizes, from grape to cherry and everything in between. However, are any of these kinds hazardous to your pet in any way?

No, it is not. All kinds are okay for dogs to take in moderation as long as they are red and mature and have all green portions removed (stems and leaves).

Is It Safe for Dogs to Consume Canned Tomatoes?

Tomatoes in cans include a high sodium content. This can result in dehydration in big doses. It is preferable to feed tomatoes that are ripe and fresh. 

How About Tomatoes That Have Been Sun-Dried?

You should avoid giving sun-dried tomatoes to your pet if they contain other components (such as garlic and onion).

If no dangerous substances are present, you may give some pieces to your dog’s food or feed them straight from the jar.

However, you should feed a little amount: 1-2 pieces every other day should suffice unless your veterinarian advises differently.

Do Dogs Benefit From Tomatoes?

There are several health benefits of offering your dog a ripe and red tomato piece.

Let’s have a look at the tomato advantages for your dog’s diet.

They are high in soluble fiber and have very few calories, plus they include vitamin A, vitamin C, beta-carotene, potassium, and lycopene. Let’s take a look at how they affect your dog’s health.

Vitamin A: In addition to aiding immunity, reproductive system, and cell function, it is the compound that beta-carotene transforms into once it enters the body. Beta-carotene is beneficial for maintaining good vision.

Vitamin C: It is a potent antioxidant that actively seeks for and destroys free radical molecules that might cause cell harm. Likewise, it benefits the immune system by lowering inflammation, combating some types of cancer, and slowing cognitive ageing.

Vitamin C is produced naturally in the livers of dogs. If they are anxious or have a high level of activity, this can impair the liver’s capacity to digest vitamins. Supplementing with Vitamin C can aid in liver synthesis.

Lycopene and beta carotene: These are both carotenoids, which are potent antioxidants that actively seek out and destroy free radicals that try to damage cells. They contribute to the tomato’s red color and are believed to help prevent heart disease and stroke while also boosting the immune system.

Potassium: Promotes normal heart and kidney function, maintains adequate bone density, controls fluid levels, and aids in muscle growth.

Dietary Fiber: Fiber helps maintain your pup’s regular bowel movements by ensuring that items pass smoothly through the digestive tract. Also, it aids in weight control by keeping your dog fuller for a longer period of time following meals. Additionally, fiber slows digestion, which prevents blood sugar from rapidly rising or falling.

Why Are Tomatoes Considered Poisonous to Dogs?

The tomato is a plant that belongs to the nightshade family. Given that some other members of this family are known to be extremely poisonous, there is reason to wonder if the more often ingested plants are genuinely beneficial to dogs.

Symptoms of Tomato Poisoning

If a dog consumes a considerable amount of the tomato plant’s green portions, the following symptoms may occur:

  • Confusion
  • Diarrhea
  • Drowsiness
  • Heart rate that is abnormal
  • Hypersalivation
  • Lethargy
  • Loss of appetite
  • Loss of coordination
  • Pupils dilated
  • Tremors and Seizures
  • Vomiting
  • Weakness

How to Feed Tomatoes to Your Dog Safely

While tomato stems and leaves are harmful to dogs, ripe tomato meat is deemed non-toxic. Therefore, there is no reason to be concerned if your dog steals a tomato from your salad—it is totally safe for them to graze on a ripe tomato! 

Many dogs dislike tomatoes entirely due to their texture. However, if your dog is intrigued, you may feed them a slice of ripe tomato in a bite-sized portion. Some dogs adore the delicious, juicy vegetable/fruit, while others spit it out and walk away.

A word of caution—some dogs will be more interested in tomato meals such as tomato sauce, most likely because they are frequently served with delectable pasta and foods.

Tomato sauce can aggravate an upset stomach because they usually contain onions, garlic, and other ingredients. If you’re going to give your dog tomatoes, it’s better to avoid the sauce and stick to small chunks of whole, ripe tomatoes.

Sources: 1, 2

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