Can cats eat dog food? You might be wondering if it’s harmful for cats to consume dog food. Perhaps you served your cat dog food by mistake, or your cat sneaked some food from the dog’s bowl.
Tiny quantities of dog food are unlikely to hurt a cat. Long-term consumption of dog food, on the other hand, might create complications. Although cat and dog food appear to be identical, there are several key distinctions.
Can Cats Eat Dog Food?
So, to address the question of whether cats can eat dog food, the quick answer is yes, but for a limited time or during emergencies. This is due to the fact that cats and dogs have distinct nutritional needs.
Dog food is deficient in the essential nutrients that cats require to live a long and healthy life. Cats are obligate carnivores, that means they only consume meat.
Because dogs are omnivores, meaning they consume meat, vegetables, grains, fruits, etc. they require a more diverse diet than just meat to satisfy their nutritional needs.
A Cat’s Nutritional Requirements
- Cats are obligate carnivores who must eat meat. This implies they must eat animal protein in order to survive. Dog food lacks the necessary levels of protein, vitamins, minerals, and taurine for a cat’s health. Furthermore, the calorie content, fat, and water level of dog food may be improper for cats.
- Cat foods must contain the following:
- Ingredients derived from natural, complete foods
- Animal proteins of superior grade (at least 30 percent)
- Healthy fats derived from animals (about 15 percent to 20 percent)
- Carbohydrates and fiber that are easily digestible
- Essential amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins, enzymes, and minerals
- No fillers, or by-products, or unnatural additives
Cat Food and Dog Food: Differences
For their omnivorous diets, dog meals contain protein as well as carbohydrates and veggies.
Because cats are carnivores, their meal comprises just proteins (no grains or vegetables).
Carbohydrates such as rice and corn are good in modest amounts for cats, but they aren’t required in their diet. They do, however, play a significant part in dog food.
Here are a few important distinctions between dog and cat food formulations.
Taste: Cats and dogs have diverse perceptions of taste. Cats, unlike dogs, do not have the ability to detect sweetness, and the number of taste buds in each species differs.
Cats have 470 taste buds, whereas dogs have 1700. Humans have over 9000 taste buds.
Cat meals are designed to be very tasty in order to convince our often fussy feline pals to consume them.
*As a side note, cats are rarely interested in eating dog food because it is unappealing to them. Dogs, on the other hand, adore the tasty, high-protein composition of cat food.
Protein: Cats, being obligate carnivores by nature, require food with far more protein than dog kibble.
Although certain brands and types of dog food have higher protein levels than others, even these tailored dog meals do not meet the high protein levels required to keep cats healthy.
The protein content of most dog meals is 18-26 percent. For cats, however, normally recommended protein content should be at least a 30-34 percent, with a 40-50 percent protein canned cat food as an optional supplement.
Taurine: Cats, along with humans, are among the few animals that lack the capacity to produce taurine, thus they must obtain it from their food.
Taurine deficiency in cats can result in:
- Weak hearts (dilatated cardiomyopathy)
- Visual impairment
- Problems with digestion
Taurine is now included to every commercially available cat food; however, it is rarely seen in dog food.
Arachidonic Acid (AA): It is a kind of fatty acid that cats cannot produce; it must be consumed.
Low arachidonic-acid levels in cats cause nonspecific indications of sickness, such as:
- Abnormal kidney and liver values
- Increased skin problems occur from time to time.
Because dogs can produce this fatty acid on their own, it is rarely added to dog food.
Vitamin A: It is a fat-soluble vitamin that is a nother nutritional component that cats cannot synthesis on their own and must be supplemented in their food.
While vitamin A supplements are commonly found in dog meals, these supplements will never be sufficient for good cat nutrition.
Cats that are deficient in vitamin A will exhibit the following symptoms:
- Coats of poor quality
- Muscle degeneration and weakness
- Night blindness
Niacin: Niacin is essential in a cat’s diet since cats cannot produce it on their own.
Although animal tissue is the most prevalent source of niacin in cat food, plants do contain small amounts of the vitamin. However, a meal with a smaller proportion of animal tissue and a larger proportion of plant tissue, like grains, may not provide cats with the necessary quantities of niacin.
What Should You Do If Your Cat Eats Dog Food?
If your cat sometimes consumes a few bits of dog food, you generally have little to worry about. Keep an eye on your cat for any symptoms like diarrhea, weight loss, poor coat condition, vomiting, dehydration, etc. If your cat isn’t feeling well, make an appointment with your veterinarian.
If your cat has an allergy, a sensitive tummy, or another health issue, eating dog food may be more difficult. Make a note of what kind of food your cat ate and discuss any potential issues with your veterinarian.
If your cat has been eating significant amounts of dog food on a constant basis, you should seek guidance from your veterinarian. To assess overall health and check for the consequences of malnutrition, your cat may require a checkup and lab testing.
Make it difficult for your cat to find dog food by putting it out of reach. Pick up bowls of remaining food and avoid free-feeding any pets in the house.