Plants – they nourish us and give us immense resources! They are vital for the survival of lifeforms on this planet – the Blue Orb. It is virtually impossible to imagine life on Earth without plants.
From tiny microbes to large mammals, from ancient extinct insects to behemoth extinct animals – all lifeforms – in some way or the other, depend on trees and plants.
They are pretty much living and breathing organisms and form the base of the food chain on top of which we, the humans, sit!
The question is, how much do you know about plants and trees? In this basic plants quiz, we are going to test your knowledge. Don’t worry. It is not a school test. You can always retake the quiz if you fail. This basic plants quiz is not based on any specific topic. It is just a collection of random questions – general knowledge.
So, have fun and jump in!
Which of the following plants spread their seeds on water?
Dandelions spread their seeds in air, pine and fir trees spread their seeds via birds, insects and small animals. Water lilies are the plants which spread their seed on water.
What is the male reproductive system of the plants?
Gynoecium is the female reproductive system. Pollen are produced by androecium which is the male reproductive system. Petals are the structures of the plants which are helpful for attracting the pollinating agents.
The main function of leaves is?
The main function of leaves is to absorb sunlight and convert it into food in a process called photosynthesis.
Chocolate is made from which of the following?
All types of chocolate (white/milk/dark) are made from cocoa beans. Chicory and coffee beans are added to give spicy flavor and coffee flavor respectively.
An annual plant is a plant which grows, gives yield and dies in one year.
An annual plant lives only for one year.
Which part of the plant helps in getting water to the plant parts from the soil?
Plants get water through their roots.
How can we calculate the age of most of the trees?
Each ring of the trunk counts for one year of the life of the tree. So, by counting the number of rings on the trunk, the age of the tree can be easily calculated.
Which of the following is a flowering plant?
Moss produces spores, Seawood is an algae, fir trees produces cones and oak tree produces blossom flowers. So, the oak tree is the only flowering plant of the four.
Which of the following is a non-flowering plant?
Dandelion, eryngo, and oak produce flowers. Fern is the only non-flowering plant of the four.
What is the meaning of a deciduous plant?
Deciduous plants are the plants which shed leaves every fall.
What is the scientific name for flowering plants?
Flowering plants are called angiosperms. Non-flowering plants are called gymnosperms.
How are the seeds dispersed by the flowering plants?
Seeds are dispersed through various ways like air, water, insects, birds etc.
Which structure of plants attract birds and insects for pollination?
Petals are modified leaves which surround the reproductive organs. They are brightly colored so as to attract pollinating agents.
What is/are the function of fruits?
Fruits help in nurturing the seeds, protect the seeds and help in the dispersal of seeds.
Which part of the plant holds flowers and leaves?
Stalk is the long stem which supports leaves and flowers.
Which flowers are called perfect flowers?
Perfect flowers are the flowers which have both male and female reproductive systems. The flowers which have only male or female reproductive systems are called imperfect flowers.
An unopened flower is called?
Bud is a part of the plant that either develops into a leaf or a flower.
Which is the largest flower in the world?
Rafflesia is the largest flower in the world. It weighs 15 pounds and is 3 feet wide.
We get cotton from which part of the cotton plant?
Cotton is obtained from fruits of the cotton plant generally called the cotton balls.
Which of the following vegetable is not a root?
Potato is a stem modification. Potatoes grow on underground stems called stolons.
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