Now that you are here looking for Canadian Geography facts, we will quite reasonable assume that you are of the curious class, or maybe just bent on traveling and discovery.
Undeniably, Canada is one of the countries you will always find most interesting. Canadian Geography is a special topic to talk about, even if you have never been there. It is incredible that one country can have so many amazing facts.
From the political surprise of waiting until 100 years after independence to get a flag, to having the largest number of lakes in the world, to being the most educated country in the world…and the list is endless.
Because everything about Canada is just amazing, we cannot exhaust it all in one go. Let us endeavor to know what the geography of Canada speaks and her unique position on this planet.
Canadian Geography Facts | Facts on the Size of Canada | 1-7
1. Canada is ranked as the second largest country in the world, only second to Russia, with about 10 million kilometers of land.
2. Her expanse from East to West is a whopping 5,500 km, and from North to South is 4,600 km.
3. Covering more than half of the Northern Hemisphere, the country stretches across six time zones from east to west. Can you imagine the fun and amazement that comes with traveling from one part to the other which are so different in time but still within the same country?
4. Alert, Nunavut, which is the most extensive territory, covering 2,000,000 km2 – a fifth of entire Canada, has a population of only 38,000 people.
5. The reason for such sparse population density is the area’s harsh climates, and also because it is a remote territory.
6. The warmest month here is July (3.40°C), and January is the coldest month at – 32.190°C. It’s only 817 Kilometers from the North Pole. It is the world’s northernmost permanent settlement.
7. Ottawa is the second largest capital in the world; while Regina, at a latitude of 50°26′ N and longitude of 104°37′ W, is the closest to North America’s geographical center.
Canadian Geography Facts | Facts on the Size of Canada | 8-14
8. The country has divisions of ten provinces and two territories. Canada’s largest province is Quebec; its land area is 1.5 million km2. The smallest is Prince Edward Island, which has an area of 5,600 km2.
9. The longest border in the world which is not protected is between Canada and the United States, officially referred to as the International Boundary.
10. The International Boundary is 5,525 miles long, which includes the border between Canada and Alaska which is 1,538 miles.
11. The size of Canada is bigger than the whole European Union, (33 times bigger than Italy and 15 times bigger than France), three times as big as India, over 30 per cent larger than Australia.
12. Canada is five times as big as Mexico and almost similar in size as 81,975 Walt Disney Worlds combined! Have you ever heard of any single country which is that big?
13. Did you know that National Parks alone can be bigger than individual countries? Wood Buffalo National Park in Alberta and the Northwest Territories, is bigger than Switzerland and Denmark, at 44,807 square Kilometers.
14. On the other hand, Albania and Israel are dwarfs, compared to Nahanni National Park Reserve in the Northwest Territories, which is 30,050 square kilometers. If parks alone can be that big, then you can imagine how big the country itself is.
Canadian Geography Facts | Facts about Canada’s Lakes and beaches | 15-19
15. Canada boasts millions of lakes, which is more than the total number of lakes in all the other countries worldwide combined.
16. The Great White North has 563 lakes that are larger than 100 square Kilometers, which is larger than most lakes in the entire world.
17. Lake Huron, Great Bear Lake, Lake Winnipeg, Lake Superior, Lake Manitoba and Lake Winnipegosis are some of the largest Lakes in Canada.
18. 9% of the world’s renewable water supply is found in Canada.
19. Little Manitou Lake in Saskatchewan, Canada, is 13.3 square kilometers and is a smaller version of the Dead Sea.
Canadian Geography Facts | Facts about Canada’s Lakes and beaches | 20-24
20. With a salt concentration of 180,000 mg per liter, the water of Little Manitou Lake is so buoyant that you can’t sink because it’s heavier than fresh water.
21. Canada has the largest source of freshwater in the world, The Great Lakes. In the Northwest Territories, you’ll find two of the largest lakes in the world: Great Bear Lake (31,328 km²) and Great Slave Lake (28,568 km²).
22. This therefore means that having the largest estuary does not come as a surprise. The Estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence is one of the deepest and largest estuaries worldwide, which is one of the amazing Great Lakes Facts. Here, freshwater and saltwater mix continuously for almost 250 km.
23. Four of the five Great lakes border Central Canada, also referred to as Laurentian region. These are Lake Ontario, Lake Superior, Lake Huron and Lake Erie.
24. Canada has the world’s longest coastline, which is a heaven for lovers of long beach walks. Its coastline spans 243,000km.
Canadian Geography Facts | Facts about Canada’s Lakes and beaches | 25-29
25. If you are traveling at 100 km a day, it would take you more than six and a half years to go around the entire coastline.
26. Strolling at 20 km per day, you’d need a whole 33 years to finish your coastline journey. This is also because of the 52,455 islands’ shores that make the coastline so long. This is the highest number of islands around a single country.
27. The Sudbury Basin found near Sudbury, Ontario, is the most massive known impact crater in Canada, and the second largest in the world.
28. It is said that in just a matter of seconds, around 1.85 million years ago, a 10 km meteorite created it. This crater has a diameter of 130km.
29. The longest freshwater beach world over is Wasaga Beach, found in Ontario. It is a 14km stretch along Georgian Bay of Lake Huron.
Canadian Geography Facts | Facts about Canada’s Lakes and beaches | 30-34
30. Everyone who likes to swim with adrenaline levels on the shoot can give Seymour Narrows in British Columbia a try.
31. The Discovery Passage’s tidal currents are some of the strongest ever measured, with flood speeds of 17 km/h and ebb speeds of 18 km/h. That is so much speed that you must never get into without a life jacket.
32. The Bay of Fundy in New Brunswick experiences the highest tides in the world; whereas Nakwakto Rapids in Port Hardy has the strongest current in the world at a speed of up to 18.4 miles per hour. It is a popular dive destination of legendary status.
33. The country’s motto, translated in English, means “From sea to sea”. This is very symbolic of the country’s unique placement.
Canadian Geography Facts | Facts about Canada’s rocks and landmass | 35-42
35. Canadian nature is characterized by an irregular landscape that proudly consists of majestic mountains, forest-filled valleys, rolling plains, and beautiful water bodies.
36. The Canadian Shield is a hilly region full of lakes, swamps, and the world’s oldest rocks. It stretches across northern Canada.
37. Covering Hudson Bay area, The Canadian Shield forms a U-shape extending south from Lake Superior to north in Arctic Islands, from the western part of Canada eastward to Greenland. It actually covers almost half of the country.
38. Boreal forests cover the southern part of the Canadian Shield, whereas the northern part being too cold for trees, is covered by tundra.
39. The west has central plains and prairies, and there are hundreds of lakes in the shield because of depression as a result of last glaciation.
40. The rugged Canadian Cordillera, further west, stretches from Yukon Territory into the British Columbia and Alberta.
41. It is the country’s most mountainous region, with the coastal range mountains extending from Alaska. There is also Canada’s share of the Rocky Mountains further east, which adds to the region’s mountainous nature.
42. Canada also has the largest Island within an Island located within the Arctic. The island is known as Victoria.
Canadian Geography Facts | Facts about Canada’s rocks and landmass | 43-50
43. Victoria, which is the eighth largest island in the world, has an island 75 miles into it which measures about 4 acres. This island is less popular owing to the fact that it is in the interior and not so easily accessible.
44. There are so many islands in Canada, three of the largest being Baffin (507,451 km²), Victoria (217,291 km²) and Ellesmere (196,236 km²). When checking out for top ten largest islands in the world, you’ll not miss these three.
45. The Largest freshwater island worldwide, Manitoulin Island, is found in Canada. I guess this is almost obvious, owing to the vast water bodies and islands in the country.
46. The tallest mountain peak which is Mount Logan, in Yokun Canada, is 5,995 meters high (19,551 ft) and is found in Kluane National Park and Reserve.
47. It is named after Canadian geologist William Edmond Logan, who is a founding member of the Geological Survey of Canada.
48. Canada hosts the oldest rocks in the world, mostly found in the Canadian Shield. In 2001, geologists discovered a 4.28 billion-year-old rock on the Eastern shore of the Hudson Bay, in an area with exposed bedrock. This rock is older than any other known rock by 250 million years!
49. If you thought that Canada is only made of soil and water bodies, then the frozen Arctic far north would be a pleasant surprise for you. This place is packed with ice, snow and glacier.
50.Native Canadians live here despite the cold; hunting and fishing for food and are referred to as First Nations People.
Canadian Geography Facts | Facts about Canada’s rocks and landmass | 51-58
51. St. Elias Mountains in the Yukon Territory hosts the world’s largest non-polar ice field, covering 40570 square kilometers.
52. Sixteen thousand nine hundred square kilometers of this field is found in Canada, and the rest is in Alaska.
53. Have you ever heard of pingos? These are ice-cored hills that occur only in permafrost and are normally conically shaped.
54. When water that is freezing under the surface is forced up by pressure, a pingo is formed. A standard pingo is a few meters or tens of meters high, but Canada has the biggest pingos.
55. Mackenzie Delta region in the Northwest Territories has the more pingos than any other place in the world (some 1,350), and the largest ones too.
56. When talking of dunes, Canada is not left out too. Thirty meters high sand dunes are in Athabasca Provincial Park in Northwest Saskatchewan. These are the most northerly sand dunes in the world.
57. Della Fall in British Columbia is Canada’s highest waterfall at the height of 440 meters (1,444 feet).
58. The largest falls in the world in terms of water volume, Niagara Falls, is found in Canada (also in USA) and is one of the country’s most popular tourist destinations.
Canadian Geography Facts: Facts about Canada’s Climate | 59-63
59. The temperature classification of Canada is Temperate in the south and Arctic in the north.
60. Canada’s cold temperature does not stop all the four seasons from occurring. The extreme harshness of the long winters in Canada is known world over, as it comes with freezing rain, ice storms and blizzards. The temperatures in the north can even go as far as -50°C.
61. Compared to the rest of the country, the coast of British Columbia’s winter seasons are milder than the rest of the country. In Canada’s Central regions mostly, summer becomes reasonably mild to very hot and humid.
62. Calgary’s Chinooks makes it famous. This is a weather phenomenon which can raise the temperature by 10°C in minutes.
63. In Ottawa, the average temperature recorded for the month of January is -14.4°C, which is very cold.
Canadian Geography Facts: Facts about Canada’s Climate | 64-69
64. British Columbia’s Ocean falls experiences an average of 330 rainy days per year. Which literally means it’s almost always raining there.
65. The sunniest place in Canada is Estevan in Saskatchewan. It reportedly experiences 2,537 sunshine hours per year.
66. The Northwest territories barely see the sun around the summer solstice, which is the reason for its name, “The Land of the Midnight.”
67. On 3rd February 1947, a record temperature of -63°C (-81.40F) was recorded in Snag, Yukon, which is about the same temperature as that of planet Mars!
68. On 30th May 1961, the heaviest rainfall ever was recorded in Buffalo Gap, Saskatchewan. In less than one hour, 25 centimeters of rain fell.
69. The most severe tornado in Canada was the Regina Tornado of 30th June 1912. Rated as F4 (winds of 330-416 km/h), it killed 28 people, injured many more and destroyed property.
Canadian Geography Facts Conclusion
There are so many wonders about this country that every time you buy a research paper on Canadian facts, you will realize you just got a portion of what Canada really is and has. The information in this top will not only help you in learning, but also help you develop yourself. If you need more information about Canada, you can buy a research paper and read even more interesting information.
Canada is the best place to learn Geography, owing to the several Geographic features she possesses.
There are several high-ranking institutions that offer competitive courses on Geography and Natural Science.