60 Fascinating Nature Facts That You Need To Know Today

by Sankalan Baidya
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nature facts

There is absolutely nothing in this world that nature can’t give you. Nature creates life, sustains it, and when the time comes, she destroys the very same life that she created. Humans have advanced so much, but we can’t challenge or compete with nature. Just imagine, we still are not prepared for earthquakes, volcanoes, or floods.

Nature is the ultimate. We receive the necessary things for survival from nature. Unfortunately, thanks to our greed, we are destroying the very mother who gave all the necessities for our survival. Today on World Nature Conservation Day, we will learn about some fascinating nature facts. Are you ready?

Fascinating Nature Facts 1-10

nature facts

1. Mosquitoes kill around a million people every year, which makes up to 100 deaths per hour! Malaria is the disease that causes most of the deaths.

2. Since the time of its discovery in 1930, Pluto didn’t make a full revolution around the Sun. It takes 248.09 years to make one revolution. So, Pluto will complete one orbit around the Sun in 2178.

3. Pineapple takes 1.5 to 2.5 years to bloom. If you plant the sucker, it will take 18 months, and if you plant the top of the pineapple, it will take 2 to 2.5 years!

4. There was a time where there were no bacteria to decompose plants as they are present today. Around 300 million years ago, trees were tall, but their root systems were not very deep. When they fell, they remained as is because there were no microbes to decompose. Trees kept on stacking up and created coal.

5. All the planets of Milky way can fit in the space between earth and moon. Guess what? There will still be some space left!

6. Blame the movies and tv series for making quicksand the bad guy. It is highly unlikely that a person can die in quicksand. If someone gets trapped in quicksand in tidal basins, then there are chances of the person drowning when the tide comes.

7. It may be funny, but cows kill more people than sharks! Sharks kill around five people a year, and cows kill 22 people a year. Humans kill 100 million sharks per year!

8. Around three million years ago, four different human species lived together. German scientists proved this after studying the fossils found in Chad, Kenya, and Ethiopia. We don’t whether they interacted with each other or they were related to each other or not.

9. There are 12 times more plants and trees found on earth than stars in Milky way. According to the estimates, there are anywhere 200 to 400 billion stars in the Milky way galaxy. There are 1 trillion trees on our earth.

10. The skin of a tiger has stripes just like its fur. This characteristic is similar among big cats.

Fascinating Nature Facts 11-20

nature facts

11. To avoid sex/mating, female dragonflies act dead! A scientist from the University of Zurich observed that when females face aggressive males, they freeze in the air and drop to the ground. Over 60% of the females escape after faking their deaths.

12. This phenomenon is called sexual death feigning. It is when a female tries to save herself from either injury or death as the males coerce females to mate! Other species that use this phenomenon are spiders and praying mantis.

13. The only venomous primate is slow loris. It is also the only primate to have a venomous bite, and it is endemic to Southeast Asia. If you want to know more about slow loris, click here.

14. The early carrots were purple. When they started growing in Afghanistan in the 10th century, they were mostly purple, and only a few yellow ones were present.

15. After the introduction of carrots in Europe, Europeans realized that yellow carrots (sweet taste) are tastier than purple ones (bitter taste). Dutch farmers produced an orange carrot in the 16th century, which was more delicious than both yellow and purple carrots.

16. Glass is an amorphous solid. It has the qualities of both solid and liquid.

17. Greenland sharks hit puberty when they are 150 years old. They are the longest-living vertebrate on the earth. They live anywhere between 300 and 500 years. They grow very slowly – one centimeter a year!

18. The charged particles in the planet’s atmosphere send out radio waves, and NASA recorded them and converted them into audible sounds. It is found that each planet has a unique song. Neptune sounds like the waves of oceans, Saturn like the background score of a horror movie, and Jupiter like that of being underwater.

19.  DNA of any organism is fireproof.

20. Ten to fifteen inches of snow equals an inch of rain.

Fascinating Nature Facts 21-30

human tongue facts

21. It may be tough to believe, but diamonds and graphite are made up of the same material – carbon. Diamonds and graphite have the same atoms, but the arrangement of these atoms makes the whole difference.

22. One of the closest relatives of an elephant is none other than rock hyrax. The rock hyrax is present in Africa and the Middle East. Other close relatives of both elephants and rock hyrax are a manatee.

23. One day on Venus takes 243 days on earth.

24. Oceans produce over 85% of the oxygen present on the planet. Phytoplanktons contribute 50% to 85% of the oxygen.

25. Selaginella lepidophylla is a plant that can rise from the dead. Hence it is also known as the dinosaur plant and Rose of Jericho. It can survive dehydration. It can be seen in North and South American deserts. If there is no water, it curls up itself into a ball!

26. The humps of a camel are made up of fat and not water. A camel can drink 53 gallons of water in just three minutes. The fat helps the camel to survive in difficult times, and the water in the stomach acts as icepacks for organs and protects the internal organs from heat.

27. Our tongue is made up of eight muscles.

28. The world’s fastest-growing plant is the bamboo. There are over a thousand varieties of bamboos in the world. A bamboo species can grow 35 inches in a single day. In temperate lands, it can produce around 1 to 4 inches a day.

29. The energy released by a hurricane is similar to that of the energy released by 10,000 nuclear bombs!

30. Iberian ribbed newt can push out its ribs through tubercles present in the abdomen to scare away predators. Not just that, the skin produces a toxin. When the bones are pushed out, they get a layer of this toxin on them. This newt is quite deadly.

Fascinating Nature Facts 31-40

31. Water can exist in all three forms at any given time if the temperature is around 0.01 degrees Celsius, and if the pressure is 611.657 Pascals. These three forms are at equilibrium. It is called the triple point.

32. Some small black holes release radiation that can be observed, and that includes visible light. The radiation is called Hawking radiation, named after Stephen Hawking. It drains the energy and mass of the black hole.

33. Sloths poop once in seven days, and when they poop, they lose 1/3rd of their body weight. They mostly spend their time on trees, but when they have to poop, they need to come down. This is a very tough task as half of the deaths of sloths take place during this poop time.

34. The femur, the thigh bone, is more robust than concrete. If seen pound for pound, the femur can withstand four times the pressure than concrete.

35. There are around 400,000 types of plants, and out of them, 80,000 to 300,000 are edible. Humans eat only 200 of them!

36. A baby guinea pig jumping in excitement looks like a popping popcorn kernel. Such behavior is called popcorn. Other animals that can popcorn are horses and gazelles.

37. The largest volcano in our solar system is present on the western hemisphere of Mars. The volcano is named Olympus Mons. We don’t know whether the volcano is active or not. It grew so big because no tectonic plates are shifting on Mars.

38. As per Milan’s Functional Anatomy Research Center’s study, women blink more than men. Women blink 19 times in a minute, whereas men blink 11 times a minute.

39. It may be hard to digest for coffee lovers but caffeine is natural pesticide. It goes too heavy on their nervous system. Caffeine either paralyzes them or even kills them. Thankfully, it acts as a stimulant on our nervous system.

40. Wonder why we don’t have a vaccine for cold? It is because there are over 200 types of viruses that cause cold!

Fascinating Nature Facts 41-50

Pink Fairy Armadillo facts

41. The armadillos are bulletproof. A Texas man took his .38 revolver and shot a poor armadillo thrice. However, the bullets ricocheted and hit him in the face.

42. Irrespective of its size, Saturn can float on water. It is because the density of Saturn is way less than that of water.

43. Most plants reproduce either sexually or asexually. But there is a plant called King’s holly that reproduces by cloning. To reproduce, it has to drop a branch on the ground. The branch develops its root system and grows into a plant. However, it can’t withstand diseases and is critically endangered now. It is endemic to Tasmania.

44. In Thailand, scientists discovered a wasp that poisons a cockroach and takes it to its den and feasts on it when the roach is alive! The scientists named it dementor wasp.

45. If left uncut, your hair can grow up to 600 miles. The tally comes to six hundred miles if all the hair on your body is taken into consideration. Nose hair can grow up to 6.5 feet!

46. After around 3.75 billion years, Andromeda galaxy and Milky Way galaxy would collide into each other.

47. According to Tanzania’s study published in Biological Exuberance, most of the giraffes are gay! 94% of them participate in same-sex mating.

48. From the past 10,000 years, our brains have shrunk about the size of a tennis ball.

49. Bats eat pests that save a whopping $3.7 billion for the US farmers each year.

50. Herds of African buffalo decide by voting. They vote to decide on the direction they would travel. The adult females come forward and look in the direction they want to go and move back. If there is no clear majority, the herd splits up for a short time. Democracy exists in monkeys and red deer as well.

Fascinating Nature Facts 51-60

51. Baby elephants suck their trunks the way human babies suck their thumbs. They suck their trunks for comfort.

52. When bees go out to get nectar, sometimes they end up taking naps in flowers!

53. A blue whale can produce a big fart bubble in which a horse can easily fit.

54. Earwigs have two penises, and they can be either righty or a lefty.

55. Gorillas may be the largest primates, but they have the smallest penises, which measure only 1.5 inches.

56. The most venomous caterpillar in the USA is the puss caterpillar or the toxic toupee.

57. There are around 200 million insects for a single human being on this earth.

58. An acacia tree can warn other acacia trees of any danger. The tree releases ethylene gas when a herbivore comes to eat it. The gas travels through the air to warn other trees of any herbivore predator.

59. An extinct penguin species known as Palaeedyptes klekowskii measured nearly 7 feet! They were seen around 37 million years ago. They weighed 250 pounds and were 6 feet 6 inches tall – the same height as an average NBA player.

60. According to research, the most vengeful creature on this earth is a tiger.  

If you want to learn more nature facts, do let us know in the comments below.

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