Mangoes have quite a reputation! They are juicy, they are sweet, and they are super-tasty. You can barely find a person who hates mangoes.
While different countries have different mango-eating etiquettes, we feel that holding it in hands and squeezing out the pulp right inside the mouth is quite a fascinating way to indulge in some savory moments.
You may have a different opinion.
But we can all agree that mango is the undisputed king fruits! So, let’s begin with out list of awesome mango facts. We are sure the list is going to leave you quite surprised.
Mango Facts: 1-5
1. King of all fruits – that is how mango is known all over the world.
2. Did you know that mangoes come from the same family of flowering plants to which the poison ivy belongs? Yes, poison ivy and pistachio tree are from the same flowering plants family. It is the Anachardiaceae family, which also includes Jamaican plum and cashew.
3. Mangkay – a Tamil word is from where the name mango has been derived. The name was distorted to ‘manga’ by Portuguese traders who settled in western regions of India.
4. Did you know that mango tree stands for love? Yes, it symbolizes love!
5. The places where mango first originated are:
- East India
- Andaman Islands that border Bay of Bengal
Mango Facts: 6-10
6. Africa and Middle East received mangoes from the Persians who carried the fruit there.
7. From Africa and Middle East, the fruit was taken to West Indies and Brazil by Portuguese.
9. This brings up the question, “when did mangoes first originate?” Mangoes were in cultivation in South Asia (East India, Burma, Andaman Islands) for thousands of years.
10. East Asia received mango somewhere in 4th and 5th century BCE. East Africa received it in 10th century CE.
Mango Facts: 11-15
11. One of the most interesting mango facts is that, India is world’s largest producer. However, the nation accounts for just 1% of international mango trade. Most of the mangoes India produces is consumed by Indians.
12. Did you know that mango is the national fruit of India, Philippines and Pakistan?
13. Did you know that in Bangladesh, the mango tree is the national tree?
14. Mango trees are evergreen plants. They can be very tall, and reach the height of up to 130 feet.
15. A new mango tree will deliver the first set of fruits after 4 years. Mango trees can live long. Some mango trees are known to produce fruits at the age of 300 years!
Mango Facts: 21-25
16. Mango leaves are often used in weddings in India and some Asian countries. The reason is that the leaves help the couple to bear a lot of children.
17. In Hinduism, mango tree plays a vital role. It is believed to grant wishes. It is also believed that hanging mango leaves at the entrance of the house during Diwali and Pongal and other festivals brings blessings to the house.
18. Kings as well as nobles of Southeast Asia used to have their own mango groves. They also had private cultivators. Owning mango groves was a matter of social status and pride.
19. Highly religious Hindus are often seen brushing teeth using mango twigs especially on holy days.
20. It is not advised to burn the debris, leaves and wood of mango trees as they can release toxic fumes. These fumes can irritate lungs and eyes.
Mango Facts: 21-25
21. Mango tree is a flowering tree. The flowers of this tree are small and have 5 petals. The flowers are mostly white. However, don’t be surprised if you see pink flowers.
22. The mango fruit is available in various shapes and sizes. Even the colors differ. The colors may be green, yellow, red or orange.
23. The color of a mango fruit is never an indicator of being ripe. Even a green mango can be ripe.
24. Mango leaves are thought to be toxic and hence, feeding cattle and other grazing animals with mango leaves is not a good idea.
25. A particular shade of yellow dye was made in India by feeding cattle a small amount of mango leaves. The cattle’s yellow urine was then harvested and used for making dye.
Mango Facts: 26-30
26. This practice of dye making has been outlawed in India because of two reasons. First, mango leaves can be toxic to cattle. Second, cows are considered to sacred in India.
27. Tropical countries as well as sub-tropical countries produce 20 million metric tons of mangoes every year.
28. As mentioned in our previous mango fruit facts article, India is the largest mango producer in world. Second position goes to China. Indonesia and Pakistan take the third place.
29. Thailand is fourth in mango production, followed by Nigeria in 5th position. 6th spot goes to Brazil and 7th is taken by Philippines.
30. There are 1000+ known mango cultivars. All these cultivars came from just two mango seed strains – the monoembryonic and the polyembryonic.
Mango Facts: 31-35
31. Monoembryonic mango originated in India, and it is the original strain of mango. Polyembryonic is Indochinese.
32. Every single part of a mango tree is beneficial. It has been used in traditional and folk medicine in some form or the other.
33. Pit, skin, leaves, bark – everything of a mango tree has been used in various concoctions for treating ailments or simply as preventives.
34. There are many medical benefits of a mango tree. Some of the benefits are listed here:
- Anti-viral etc.
35. Stem bark of a mango tree has mangiferin, which is rich in splenocytes. This mangiferin helps to inhibit the growth of tumor in both early stages and late stages.
Mango Facts: 36-40
36. Unripe mangoes can easily ripen at room temperature within a few days or a week. A ripe mango, if stored at a temperature of 55 degrees Fahrenheit, can last for 2 weeks. Refrigeration is not required.
37. As we said at the beginning of this article, mangoes can have various sizes. The smallest can be 2 inches long while the longest can be 10 inches long.
38. Selecting a ripe mango, without being fooled by its color, is very easy. Simple give a gentle squeeze at the nose of the mango. In case you observe a slight give, you will know that the mango is ripe.
39. Mango Lassi is a tasty drink available throughout South Asia. It is made using sugar, buttermilk and mango pulp.
40. There are many varieties of mangoes. The most famous ones in Asian countries are Alphonso, Kesar, Chaunsa and Benishaan. In the US and the UK, the most famous ones are Francis, Ataulfo, Keitt, Kent, Haden and Tommy Atkins.
Mango Facts: 41-45
41. It is said that a cup of a fresh mango serving offers 100 calories. The same amount of mango will offer 3 grams filling fiber. So, once you eat mangoes, you will feel fuller, thanks to the fiber.
42. 83% of a mango’s weight is made up of water. Why are we saying this? Penn State University researchers say that if you eat food which has lower energy density, but high water content, you will feel fuller but end up eating less.
43. What’s the fuss about feeling fuller anyways? Well, the points above simply indicate that if you are trying to cut on your sugary food consumption and candies too, mangoes can help because of their natural sweetness and high fiber content.
44. Baylor College of Medicine and Louisiana State University researchers took data of food consumption for 29,000 adults and children. They found that those who eat mangoes have higher amounts of potassium and fiber in their overall diet. Those who don’t eat mangoes had lower amounts of those important nutrients in their overall diet.
45. In the above study it was also found that adults who ate mangoes ended up eating less of sodium and sugar. So, the likelihood of those people becoming overweight was also low.
Mango Facts: 46-50
46. Not just that, adults who ate mangoes had one more edge. They had less amount of C-reactive protein in their body. This is a good thing because C-reactive protein cause bloodstream inflammation, which can later lead to chronic diseases.
47. Mangoes are rich in antioxidants. Almost all varieties of mangoes have same number of antioxidants.
48. The most abundant antioxidants in mangoes are Vitamin C, beta-carotene, alpha-carotene, mangiferin, gallic acid and vanillic acid. Did you know antioxidants are effective against diseases like Type 2 Diabetes, cardiac diseases etc.
49. Do not be surprised but yes, antioxidants are effective against cancer too. They scavenge the cancer-causing free radicals, which are known to damage DNA, cell membrane and proteins. So, eat mangoes.
50. Mangoes are super rich in nutrients. They are rich in fiber, minerals, phytonutrients and vitamins.
Mango Facts: 51-55
51. Vitamin C is known to boost the immune system in our body. One cup of mango is sufficient to fulfill your daily Vitamin C requirement.
52. Mangoes are also very rich in Vitamin A. This vitamin helps you to maintain healthy eyesight.
53. Vitamin B6 is also present in mangoes in abundance. This vitamin helps with cognitive development. So again – eat mangoes!
54. Worried about your heart? Mangoes are rich in folate which is necessary for maintaining a healthy heart.
55. Talking of eyesight, beta-carotene, a form of Vitamin A, is necessary for not only maintaining a healthy and sharp vision but also for preventing macular degeneration. This is an eye disease that comes with age.
Mango Facts: 56-60
56. Mangoes are natural tenderizers. What does that mean? Simple! Use mango for marinating meat. This is because of the enzyme known as papin.
57. Papin in mangoes is an acid-based marinade. So, it breaks down fibrous and connective tissues in meat. Make sure to use stainless steel, ceramic or glass containers to prevent metal-acid reaction that can possibly discolor your food.
58. Vitamin content in mangoes change depending on whether they are ripe or unripe. Unripe mangoes are rich in Vitamin C and as the mangoes ripen, Vitamin A increases.
59. Flavors of mangoes differ. This is because the taste of mangoes come from volatile organic chemicals that belong to ester, furanone and terpene classes. When these chemicals differ, the taste differs. Also, if the same chemicals are present in two different cultivars but in different quantities, the taste will differ.
60. The sap, skin, stem and leaves of mango contains oil. This oil can lead to anaphylaxis (an allergic reaction that can eventually lead to death) and dermatitis in some humans.