Horses are amazing animals. They have been with humans for thousands of years. As far as history can be traced, horses have been around since 4000 BCE. They are noble creatures and faithful to their human friends.
In this article on horse facts, we will learn some truly bizarre and interesting facts about horses. We bet you didn’t know many of these horse facts.
Scientific Classification of Horse
|Subspecies||E. f. caballus|
Horse Facts: 1-10
1. Of all land mammals, horses are known to have the largest eyes.
2. Within hours after they are born, horses are capable of running.
3. Horses sometimes appear to be laughing. Actually they are not. They are rather engaging themselves in a technique known as flehmen. This is a nose enhancing technique that they use for determining whether a smell is a good one or a bad one.
4. Horses are not color blind as thought previously. They can see colors. The only problem is that they see greens and yellows better than violets and purples.
6. A female horse has 36 teeth and a male horse has 40 teeth. That’s one way of differentiating between a male horse and a female horse. Better, check their reproductive organs – it is easier!
8. Horses are capable of sleeping either standing up or lying down.
9. Horses are capable of seeing almost 360 degrees at any given time. That’s because their eyes are located on the sides of their heads.
10. Horses are capable of communicating feelings using facial expressions.
Horse Facts: 11-20
11. Horses are also capable of expressing mood through eyes, ears and nostrils.
12. All horses will not lie down at once. At least one in the team (a group of horses is known as ‘team’) will stay awake. The one that stays awake will keep an eye on the surroundings. In case of any danger, the horse will alert its companions.
13. Vocalizations in horses are important. They use a wide range of sounds. For instance, snorts are meant for alerting their team of dangers.
14. Neighing and whinnying are sounds made while leaving or meeting each other.
15. Mating calls in the form of loud roars are made only by stallions.
16. One of the most interesting horse facts is that its brain is just half the weight of human brain. The horse brain weighs 22 oz.
17. Yet another really interesting horse fact is that a horse is incapable of vomiting.
18. Horses have better night vision compared to humans. Weirdly however, a horse takes longer to adjust from light to dark and from dark to light as opposed to humans.
19. In a single day, a horse produces nearly 10 gallons of saliva.
20. The average weight of a horse’s heart is anywhere between 9 and 10 pounds.
Horse Facts: 21-30
21. In general, domesticated horses live up to 25 years.
22. Old Billy, a horse from the 19th century lived for 62 years.
23. Stallion is the name of a male horse. Mare is the name of a female horse. Colt is the name of a young male horse. Filly is the name of a young female horse.
24. There is only one species of truly wild horse that lives today. It is Przewalski’s horse.
25. The only wild population of Przewalski’s horses can be found in Mongolia.
26. There are several other feral horse populations like North American Mustangs. However, these populations are not true wild horses.
27. All domestic horses come from just one species. However, there are 400 different types of breeds. These different breeds have different specializations. For example, racing or pulling wagons.
28. All horses, domestic or wild – are all grazers and herbivores.
29. Haflinger mare was the world’s first cloned horse. It was a female horse. The clone was made in 2003 in Italy.
30. Horses are sweet lovers. They reject food that is bitter or sour.
Horse Facts: 31-50
31. Horses have 205 bones in their bodies.
32. In the wild, a typical horse team can have 3 to 20 horses. There will be only one stallion and rest are females.
33. Interestingly, a stallion is not the herd leader. It is actually a dominant female that leads the herd or the team.
34. In a team the young foals stay along the team. However, when male foals grow into colts (which happens two years after birth), the stallion drives them away.
35. The colts that get out of the team roam around and form a group of colts. They stay in the group until they find females and move out to form their own teams.
36. Usually the ear of a horse will point in the direction in which its eye on the same side is looking at. If, however, the ear points in a different direction, the horse is looking at two different things at once.
37. Underneath the hoof of a horse, you will see ‘frog’. It is nothing but an area of the hoof that has a triangular shape.
38. The frog is actually the shock absorber. It is also responsible for pumping blood up back into the leg.
39. A ‘hand’ is the official unit for measuring the height of a horse. One hand equals 4 inches.
40. Sampson was the tallest horse born till date. It measured 7.2 feet tall. That’s 21.2 hands. Sampson was born in Toddington Mills, England in 1846.
Horse Facts: 41-50
41. Eohippus was the prehistoric ancestor of horses. It lived 50 million years ago.
42. The front legs of Eohippus had four padded toes and back legs had only three padded toes.
43. On a normal day, a horse needs to drink 25 gallons of water. On warmer days, the water requirement increases even more.
44. Horses are incapable of breathing through their mouths. They can breathe only through their nostrils. This anatomy is known as ‘obligate nasal breathers’.
45. Horses which have pink skin can actually get sunburns!
46. The hoof of a horse takes 9 months to 12 months to regrow completely.
47. There is something called zorse and then there is a zony and finally there is a zonky. Together these are called zebroids.
- Zorse is a cross between zebra and horse.
- Zony is a cross between zebra and pony.
- Zonky is a cross between zebra and donkey.
48. One of the fun horse facts is that there are 16 muscles in each ear of a horse. This allows the horse to rotate its ears to 180 degrees.
50. Horses are very social animals. They mourn the deaths of their companions. They also feel lonely when left alone.