The red planet Mars has triggered imaginations of many. Some of these imaginations took the form of movies. Outside the theatre, possibilities of reaching the red planet were also studied and eventually realized only to find that the planet is not only a dead one but is also hostile to humans (unless of course, humans come up with some brilliant technology that will help them colonize the red planet). So, if you have ever wondered about the amazingly red celestial body in Earth’s sky, here are 45 interesting Mars facts that you will love:
Interesting Mars Facts: 1-5 (Naming)
1. From Sun, Mar is the 4th planet and has a typical red color that has been the source of different names that have been used for the planet.
2. Most widely accepted name ‘Mars’ is the name of Roman god of war.
3. While we have accepted the Roman name, the truth is that Romans were in fact inspired by the Greeks who too named this red planet after their god of war. Greeks named the planet, Ares.
4. Romans and Greeks weren’t the only ones to name the planet. Egyptians too named it and the name was inspired by its red color. The Egyptian name of Mars is ‘Her Desher’ which translates to ‘the red one’ in English.
5. That’s not the end though. The Chinese astronomers weren’t far and used a name which meant ‘the fire star’. Sorry, we don’t know the exact Chinese version.
Interesting Mars Facts: 6-10 (Geological Features)
6. The question is, ‘what gives the planet its red color?’ The answer can be found it is regolith. The regolith is the blanket of loose rocks and dust that covers a celestial body. The regolith of Mars is found to have minerals rich in iron, which gives it its typical red color.
7. Mars is a cold planet and its atmosphere is very thin. Because of this, the planet cannot sustain liquid water.
8. Despite the fact that the red planet is little over half the diameter of Earth, it has the same amount of dry land as present on our home orb.
9. The largest volcanoes in our entire solar system exist on Mars. One of these volcanoes is the Olympus Mons. 600 kilometers or 370 miles in diameter, this volcano is capable of covering the whole of New Mexico. Olympus Mons is a shield volcano similar to the Hawaiian volcanoes.
10. Other types of volcanic landforms also exist on the red planet. There are wide plains that are coated with hardened lava and there are steep cone-shaped land forms too!