Red Terror Facts: 11-15
11. Fanni Kaplan (often spelled as Fanny Kaplan) – who attempted to assassinate Lenin – was a member of Social Revolutionary Party but she acted alone. She was captured by Cheka, tortured and eventually shot dead.
12. With the formal announcement of the Red Terror, the first victims were members of Social Revolutionary Party. Nearly 800 members of the party were killed by Cheka in the next few months. Many thousands of them were sent to labor camps.
13. Though the Red Terror started off as the elimination of Social Revolutionary Party members, it soon expanded and brought anyone and everyone under radar who opposed either the Bolshevik Party or the policies adopted by the party.
14. People who were considered threats included Russian Orthodox Church members, Mensheviks, liberals, tsarists and anyone who would sell goods or food for making profits.
15. Gradually industrial workers, who didn’t meet their daily production quota or even thought of organizing strikes, were also targeted by the forces of Red Terror.
You May Also Like: 30 Interesting Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Facts
Red Terror Facts: 16-20
16. In early 1918, Cheka consisted of only a few hundred men but by 1920, Cheka was 200,000-strong government agency, carrying out executions, mass killings, tortures etc.
17. Cheka was given freehand. There was no set rule for them to capture and torture. They were just free to define any method of terror they liked.
18. Cheka would arrest and torture or kill anyone who would be a distant associate of previous regime, anyone who made scornful gestures, anyone who would crack intemperate jokes, anyone who would bourgeois dress, anyone who would talk against Bolshevik policies in open or anyone who would talk against Lenin.
19. In order to imprison suspected people, Katorgas (remote labor camps and prisons) were revived by the Bolsheviks and people were deported there to be questioned and tortured. It is this opening of the Katorgas that led to the extensive gulags network that Stalin used extensively in 1930s.
20. The Cheka forces even killed many deserters from Red Army. Millions of members of the Red Army became deserters. For instance, in 1918, 1 million people deserted, followed by 2 million in 1919 and then 4 million in 1921. However, 500,000 were captured back in 1919 and around 800,000 in 1920.