If scaling heights is your blood, you should head for the final frontier of height on planet Earth – the Himalayas. Majestic and intimidating, the Himalayas that perennially stay draped in snow have enchanted the ancients and the modern men alike. They have been, over time, embedded in religions and cultures like no other mountain range in this world. They are epic and enigmatic, they are harsh and pristine, they are young and dynamic. Let us today learn 40 interesting Himalayas facts and try to understand these majestic mountains a bit more in details.
Interesting Himalayas Facts: 1-10
1. Himalayas refer to a mountain range and not a single mountain. The Himalayan mountain range is the youngest on this planet.
2. Though they are the youngest, they are pretty old. They were formed 70 million years ago and were and outcome of same geological activities that have tore apart our continents over billions of years.
3. The Himalayas were formed when the Eurasian tectonic plate collided with the Indo-Australian tectonic plate (which has now broken down into the Australian plate and the Indian plate). The collision between these two massive tectonic plates gave birth to the majestic Himalayan ranges.
4. The Himalayan range is geologically active. Within next 10 million years, the Indian subcontinent will move nearly 1500 kilometers further into Asia because the Indian plate is moving at a speed of 67 millimeters a year.
5. As India and Asia are converging, the southern front of the Himalayas is absorbing a portion of this convergence. Precisely 20 mm per year of convergence is getting absorbed there. As a result of this, the Himalayan ranges are still gaining height at a rate of 5 mm per year.
6. After Antarctica and Arctic, the Himalayan ranges is the home to third-largest deposit of snow and ice on this planet.
7. A total of 12000 cubic kilometers or 3000 cubic miles of fresh water is stored within the 15,000 glaciers that are found within the Himalayan range.
8. The largest glacier not of polar origins is the Siachen glacier of the Himalayas. This glacier is 48 miles long.
9. The Himalayan range forms an arc that runs over a length of 2,400 kilometers of 1,500 miles from northwest to southeast. On the west, the maximum width of the arc is 400 kilometers or 250 miles. On the eastern side, the width of the arc is 150 kilometers or 93 miles.
10. For throughout this length of 2,400 km, the Himalayan mountain system is made up of two almost parallel ranges. A wide valley in between separates these two ranges.