In this list of 30 Muammar Gaddafi facts we will like to shed light on something about this dictator about whom the west speaks only one thing – ‘a terrible and vicious dictator’. Turns out that this man who was tagged as a ‘terrible dictator’ by the western imperialistic forces that hog on the natural resources of underdeveloped countries in name of liberating them, gave Liya a little over decades of unprecedented growth. His rules were counter-capitalist and counter-communist.
As with every dictator, Gaddafi had his fair share of eccentricities and some suppression but whether or not he was a ruthless dictator is truly a subject of intense debate. He was killed in name of liberating Libya from a dictator but turns out that the country, which was supposedly experiencing a regime of suppression during Gaddafi’s rule, has returned to ‘Anarchy and Chaos’. Who is benefiting from that? Yes, western capitalistic imperialism! And for Libya – that once was Africa’s richest nation under Gaddafi has come down to be a war-torn and one of the most troubled countries in Africa.
Let us take a look at 30 facts about Colonel Gaddafi starting with the economic reforms he introduced…
Muammar Gaddafi Facts: 1-5 | Economic and Social Reforms
1. Gaddafi made electricity free for all Libyans. Yes, there were no electricity bills.
2. There was no interest on loans. Yes, Gaddafi’s regime was one where banks loaned money to Libyans without charging any interest rate. The loans were given by the state owned bank that had no external debt.
3. Before Gaddafi came to power, the literacy rate in Libya was a mere 25%. After he took power, he took aggressive measures of rural school building and many other educational initiatives. Soon, Libya had 83% literacy rate with 25% graduates.
4. If any graduate in Libya failed to get employed, Gaddafi government would pay him or her the average salary in his or her field until the person found a job.
5. Anyone in Libya who wanted to get into agriculture was wholeheartedly supported. Land, seeds, equipment, livestock, fertilizers – everything was given free of cost so that the person could start agricultural activities without any impediment.
Muammar Gaddafi Facts: 6-10 | Economic and Social Reforms
6. If a Libyan wished to go for higher studies and there weren’t appropriate colleges and universities in Libya, the Gaddafi government would provide funds for sending the person abroad and pay 2,300 USD each month to cover expense of studies, accommodation, food, car allowance etc.
7. If medical facilities in Libya couldn’t address the medical needs of a Libyan citizen, government would fund medical treatments abroad with same 2,300 USD monthly allowance for accommodation, food, car allowance etc.
8. Medical treatments and education was completely free under his rule in Libya. Doctor charges to medicine charges to hospitalization charges – everything was borne by the government.
9. Gaddafi’s main income source was oil sales. A portion of what he earned through oil sales was actually given back to the Libyan citizens in form of direct credit to their bank accounts.
10. Gaddafi considered that a house is a basic right for every single Libyan citizen and worked towards ensuring that every Libyan has a house that is not owned by someone else.