Home Universe 30 Interesting Supernova Facts

30 Interesting Supernova Facts

by Sankalan Baidya
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One of the most spectacular events of our universe is the Supernova explosion. It is probably THE MOST powerful explosion known to humans. So, what really is this supernova? Is it dangerous? How powerful is the explosion? How frequently does it occur? There are many such questions that keep coming to us and today, we will make an attempt to answer these questions through this list of 30 interesting supernova facts.

30 Interesting Supernova Facts

An Artist’s Impression of a Supernova Shockwave

Supernova Facts 1-10

1. Supernova is nothing but a stellar explosion. To put in other words, it is actually an explosion of a star.

2. So massive is the explosion that for a brief amount of time, the explosion actually outshines the entire galaxy in which it explodes.

3. Whenever an explosion takes place, energy is emitted and supernova is no exception. The amount of energy radiated in one supernova explosion is equal to the amount of energy that has been radiated by our Sun so far plus the energy that it will radiate for the rest of its life.

4. A supernova is so bright that it literally takes weeks and sometimes months for the brightness to fade away.

5. During this explosion, luminous radiations are burst out and almost all of the material of the exploding star is expelled in outer space.

6. The material that is expelled from the exploding star travels at a very high speed of 30,000 kilometers in one second.

7. This explosion sends out a shockwave in nearby outer space. The outer space that we keep saying is actually referred to as interstellar medium which is defined as matter that exists in space between stars within a galaxy.

8. As this shockwave travels through this interstellar medium, the gas and dust from the exploding star are bound by the shockwave and it continues to expand. This expanding structure is known as supernova remnant.

9. Every time a supernova explosion takes place, the interstellar medium is enriched by elements of higher mass.

10. Not every star explodes. For instance, our Sun (which is a star) will never explode. Stars that are 10 to 100 times bigger than our Sun eventually explode and create a supernova explosion.
Supernova Facts 11-20

11. When a massive star eventually runs low on hydrogen (the fuel that is converted to helium through fusion reaction), the remaining hydrogen pushes outwards towards the shell, surrounding a helium core.

12. When the hydrogen moves to the outer shell around the helium core, the star becomes unstable and the outer shell is enormously inflated, converting the star into a red giant.

13. At this stage, the hydrogen in the outer shell of the red giant still fuses into helium producing thermal energy which wants to expand the star.

14. The helium core on the other hand exerts gravitational pull attempting to crush the star.

15. When the remaining hydrogen burns out, gravitational pull of the helium core wins and helium atoms start fusing to form iron atoms, thus forming an iron core inside the helium shell.

16. Eventually the core becomes too heavy and cannot withstand its own gravitational pull and the core starts collapsing. This is when the star explodes to form a supernova.

Till now we have learned about how supernova happens in case of a single giant star. There is however another way in which a supernova explosion can take place. Let us find out how:

17. Supernova explosions also take place in what is known as binary star systems. A binary star system consists of two stars one of which is a carbon-oxygen white dwarf. The other is known as the companion star.

18. In this type of star system, the white dwarf (which is actually a star close to its life’s end and has used up most of its nuclear fuel, eventually collapsing into a small size almost similar to the size of earth) is known to be a thief. This white dwarf steals or draws matter from the companion star. This happens because of the enormous gravitational pull of the white dwarf.

19. At some point, the white dwarf ends up accumulating too much matter.

20. This excessive amount of matter eventually causes the star to explode violently, resulting in a supernova explosion.
Supernova Facts 21-30

21. Supernova explosion shoots out billions and billions of atoms in every possible direction and they form colorful nebulae.

22. The exploding star may end up as a black hole and a nebula. However, if the star isn’t really a big one, the supernova explosion will end up as a neutron star and a nebula.

23. The expanding supernova remnant can produce enough kinetic energy that can compress the highly dense molecular clouds in the interstellar space and form stars.

24. Supernova explosions or supernovae are the primary sources of metals in interstellar space and till date they remain known as the only dominant mechanism for the distribution of heavier metals that are usually formed inside a star during its life through nuclear fusion reaction.

25. The last known supernova explosion in our galaxy Milky Way was SN 1604. Astronomer Johannes Kepler started observing the supernova on 17th October 1607 and hence, it is named as SN 1604. The latest observed supernova was in Andromeda Galaxy in 1885 and is known as S Andromedae.

26. The first stars of our universe became supernovae around 14 billion years ago. Our sun is not big enough to become a supernova.

27. Elements like carbon, iron, silicon, nitrogen and oxygen that we find on Earth actually came from a supernova.

28. During the explosion, elements like uranium and gold are formed because of the extremely high temperature (millions of degrees) caused by the explosion.

29. In 1054 AD, Islamic and Chinese astronomers observed and documented a supernova. It was so bright that it was visible in broad daylight.

30. The Crab Nebula that we see today is actually a result of the supernova explosion of 1054 AD.

Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4

Image Credits: 1, 2

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50 comments

Vanesa January 8, 2016 - 4:54 am

I love this website it helps a lot for my science class 🙂

Reply
Sankalan Baidya January 9, 2016 - 7:33 pm

Vanesa, it is good to know that we could be of some help to you. 🙂

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boby November 14, 2016 - 11:51 pm

hoiiiiiiii

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Grumpy January 9, 2016 - 3:22 am

Goo for you. >:(

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Kailah March 22, 2016 - 2:44 am

thanks this helped me with my science project!

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Adolf Hitler October 13, 2016 - 9:27 pm

harambe is secretly alive

Reply
Donald Trump October 27, 2016 - 1:32 am

I knew it!

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Graham Cole January 17, 2017 - 6:27 pm

Well, that’s good to know

Reply
Adolf Hitler October 13, 2016 - 9:50 pm

i don´t give up that easily you smoked sausages

Reply
boby November 14, 2016 - 11:50 pm

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pener January 18, 2017 - 9:00 pm

nort

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ella January 23, 2017 - 4:26 am

thanks this really helped!!

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Sankalan Baidya January 24, 2017 - 11:24 pm

You are welcome!

Reply
EKAM May 10, 2017 - 9:05 pm

Hi all! Here it is written that sun will never have a supernovae or a novae explosion but nearly after 8 billion years ago our sun will explode. But this is our bad luck there are very less chances for humanity to see it. Because after 5 million years sun will gulp up first 3 planets. So whoever is owner of this site please don’t post wrong info.

Reply
Sankalan Baidya May 11, 2017 - 1:43 pm

@EKAM

I still say that our sun will never explode. There will be no supernova explosion in our very own solar system. That’s because, only stars that are 10 to 100 times bigger than our sun, end up in supernova explosion.

Also, what do you mean when you say “but nearly after 8 billion years ago our sun will explode”? Nothing like that is written anywhere in this article. Also, kindly rectify yourself because, “after 8 billion years ago” is not the correct information.

Learn to read before saying that the information posted in incorrect. Also, learn to write.

Reply
ayo December 12, 2017 - 7:02 pm

great facts about supernovaes

Reply
Mars April 30, 2019 - 10:11 pm

you just wrecked him Ekam time to delete that from my science project!

Reply
Ehsan June 24, 2017 - 4:58 am

Our sun will not be a supernova but it will become non luminous.

Reply
Lisa July 10, 2017 - 3:11 am

Sir I think your personality type is an INFP if you’ve ever looked into the Myers Briggs personality types. JS that’s what am too.

Reply
Sankalan Baidya July 10, 2017 - 11:10 am

Who was this intended for Lisa?

Reply
Mars April 30, 2019 - 10:12 pm

I think for u

Reply
leiana October 28, 2017 - 1:47 am

this didnt help me in anything

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Krutika barad October 29, 2017 - 7:22 pm

Thank this help me in my speech..

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jermiah November 29, 2017 - 7:52 pm

good i need this for a project

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king21 December 4, 2017 - 7:35 pm

great facts to use in schools

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king21 December 4, 2017 - 7:38 pm

i need this for a project

Reply
king21 December 4, 2017 - 7:43 pm

thank you for this

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ayo December 6, 2017 - 7:27 pm

i would like to talk to sankalan baidya

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Sankalan Baidya December 6, 2017 - 7:47 pm

Yes, tell me. How can I help?

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ayo December 7, 2017 - 7:47 pm

can you make a article about blackholes

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Sankalan Baidya December 7, 2017 - 8:11 pm

We already have one. Here is the link: http://factslegend.org/30-facts-black-holes/

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ayo December 8, 2017 - 7:22 pm

thank you for the information

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ayo December 8, 2017 - 7:23 pm

text me dude right now

Reply
Sankalan Baidya December 8, 2017 - 7:41 pm

Tell me, how can I help?

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ayo December 11, 2017 - 7:11 pm

i need more supernova facts

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ayo December 14, 2017 - 6:57 pm

dude what are you waiting for

Reply
Lilly Windshine Age: 22 February 12, 2018 - 7:24 pm

This was decently helpful, I really needed something to top off the article I was writing. It was perfect. I rate it a 4.5 out of 5!

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Lilly Windshine Age: 22 February 12, 2018 - 7:35 pm

Is anybody going to respond? I would like to get a way for us to rate this page please. one to 5 stars.

Reply
Sankalan Baidya February 12, 2018 - 7:51 pm

Lilly, we currently don’t have rating system for our articles.

Reply
Lilly Windshine Age: 22 February 12, 2018 - 7:45 pm

I have a question.
What was the date that this article was published?

Reply
Sankalan Baidya February 12, 2018 - 7:50 pm

This article was published on June 11, 2014

Reply
G March 1, 2018 - 12:57 pm

You’re doing good work Sankalan, and dont let anyone tell you otherwise!
Something to think about: After a supernova sometimes a black hole is formed, lets say a stellar black hole. This black hole forms a singularity. The way I understand it is that the debris of the exploding star is pulled back in by gravity and forms a singularity with infinite mass and zero volume. Please correct if I am misunderstanding. So my question is this: How can the singularity have greater mass and density than the original star the debris came from? Also how can the gravity become greater from less mass, since the bulk of the star just exploded out?

Thanks
G

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S April 16, 2018 - 9:33 pm

Just wondering why a supernova is called a supernova

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anm April 29, 2018 - 11:54 pm

I have a few ides about the supernova and black wholes. I want to know that supernova tends to black whole? if it occurs what the frequency? how does a mass squizzed?

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kate March 20, 2019 - 2:55 am

This really helped me with our science project thanks

Reply
yo mom April 3, 2019 - 1:14 am

You are idiots

Reply
a April 6, 2019 - 1:00 am

This really helps with my assignments in class

Reply
b April 6, 2019 - 1:06 am

same with me

Reply
14.50904 April 6, 2019 - 3:20 pm

Agreed,I like it . Useful info. Great job.

Reply
Ram Nath Kovind May 2, 2019 - 7:16 pm

The Sun will not explode but instead burn out, becoming a red giant. That is something that you all should have learned in elementary school.

Reply

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