Jallianwala Bagh Massacre – if you are an Indian, you must have heard of these three words. These words tell about a dark phase of India’s freedom struggle. These three words scream of the British atrocities on India. These three words scream of the dirty and filthy mindset of the Brits. These three words speak of India’s sufferings. These three words speak of India’s struggle.
If you are an Indian and you are not acquainted with your own history, here is a chance for you to look at this dark phase of India’s freedom struggle. In this article on Jallianwala Bagh Massacre facts we will tell the tale of what happened on the doomed day of April 13, 1919. We will tell what the Brits did to us because of their greed and filthy mindset.
Stay with us till the end and we will promise you, this will be an article you will never forget! So, let us begin.
Interesting Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Facts: 1-10
1. The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre also goes by the name Amritsar Massacre.
2. The incident took place on April 13, 1919. It was a Sunday.
3. The reason why it is known as Amritsar Massacre is that it took place in Amritsar – a city in northern India.
4. The day on which the incident took place was ‘Baisakhi’. It was a day of festival. Baisakhi is Punjab’s one of the largest festivals.
5. The precursor to the Massacre was the Rowlatt Act. This act was passed in February 1919.
6. The Rowlatt Act gave the British Government the authority to arrest anyone on grounds of mere suspicion.
7. The Rowlatt Act was basically designed for controlling activities of Indian Revolutionaries.
8. Protesting against the act, the Indians observed a hartal on March 30th and April 6th of 1919.
9. On April 10, 1919, two famous leaders, Dr. Kitchlew and Dr. Satyapal were arrested on the basis of Rowlatt Act.
10. On that day, British authorities opened fire on a peaceful procession at Amritsar. This resulted in an assault on British people from Indian side.
Interesting Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Facts: 11-20
11. Two days later on 12th of April, 1919, General Dyer took command of troops. He issued a proclamation banning all public gatherings.
12. Though the proclamation was issued, no efforts were made to ensure that general public came to know about it.
13. Because people had no idea about the proclamation, a public gathering was called for. The venue of Jallianwala Bagh. The date was 13th The time for the gathering was 4:30 PM.
14. The gathering had no political intent at all. It was meant for celebrating Baisakhi – the Sikh festival.
15. Anywhere between 6,000 and 10,000 people gathered at Jallianwala Bagh on the evening of that day.
16. The gathering included even children and women since it was all about celebrating Baisakhi.
17. Though the festival was a Sikh festival, many Hindus and Muslims also came to celebrate the same. All of them were there for commemorating the day when Khalsa Panth was founded by Guru Gobind Singh.
18. Jallianwala Bagh was a tricky place. Except for the main entrance to the open place, the area was surrounded by building and walls on all sides.
19. There were a few narrow exit points but they usually remained locked. On that terrible day too, those small exits were locked.
20. The meeting started at 4:30 PM as planned. At 5:30 PM, General Dyer arrived with a group of 25 Baluchi soldiers and 65 Gurkha soldiers. Two armored cars with mounted machine guns were also brought.
Interesting Jallianwala Bagh Massacre: 21-30
21. General Dyer ordered the soldiers to march inside through the main entrance. He even tried to get the vehicles in. However, the entrance was too narrow for the vehicles and were stationed outside.
22. Without sending any warning or without asking the gathered people to disperse, General Dyer ordered the soldiers to open fire.
23. He even asked the soldiers to shoot directly at those portions of the gathering which were most crowded.
24. Nearly 1,650 rounds were fired. Firing stopped when they ran out of ammunitions.
25. As the firing started, the crowd panicked. They tried to escape from wherever possible. This led to stampede, killing several people.
26. There was a well in Jallianwala Bagh. People even jumped into it in order to escape bullets and ended up dying in the well. Of course the bullets killed far too many than stampede and drowning in well. It is said that 120 dead bodies were pulled out of the well.
27. Twisted official reports were released by British Raj which stated that 379 were killed and 1,100 wounded.
28. Williams DeeMeddy indicated that 1,526 people were killed. According to Indian National Congress, over 1500 people were killed that evening.
29. The news of the massacre reached Britain in December, 1919 when Hunter Committee was formed for enquiry. Before the Hunter Committee started its proceedings, the British government pass Indemnity Act in order to safeguard its officers. As expected, General Dyer walked clean except that he was called back to England after resigning.
30. The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre led Rabindranath Tagore to renounce his Knighthood. Mahatma Gandhi returned Kaisar-i-Hind medal that he received because of his work during Boer War.
The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre remains etched in the dark history of our freedom struggle. No matter how much the we try to forget, we cannot and neither can we forgive. Every time a British hand comes our way with the offer of friendship, the 300 years of oppressing rule and the atrocities of British government will make us think twice.