After we have covered all the serious cow facts in our last article, it is time to give some cow fun facts that will help you relieve the pressure. However, no point thinking that we will not give you a few doses of serious facts and that whatever you read here today will not help you with your homework. So buckle up! Here is something really seriously interesting coming up…
Cow Fun Facts: 1-5 | Cognition
1. Did you know that cows have a decent memory? They are very much capable of remembering the food source locations for well up to 8 hours! By 12 hours, their memory starts declining. But that’s quite commendable. Don’t you think so?
2. Scientists have found out that heifers that are around 15 months old have way better memory that cows that have already given birth to 1 or 2 calves. The long term memory of the cows is somewhat debatable because their long term memory is pretty unstable.
3. However, cows that are pretty mature are very much able to maintain good long term memory. But this is true only in case of very artificial conditions. In the open however, younger cows perform better by remembering good quality food source for up to 48 hours as compared to 30 hours of older cows in artificial conditions.
4. Calves and grownup cows have the ability to discriminate between familiar as well as unfamiliar animals belonging to same species or different species. For instance, calves can discriminate between humans. Those who handled them calves well, the calves will get close easily while those who don’t handle them well, the calves will try and avoid them.
5. For mature cows, they will be more friendly towards familiar animals while making groups but aggressive towards unfamiliar ones during the same process. In case of dealing with humans, they will take cues even from dress color worn by humans and not just from their faces.
Cow Fun Facts: 6-10 | Emotions and Senses
6. Studies have revealed that emotional state of cows is indicated pretty often by the position of their ears.
8. It has also been found that isolation can lead to increased heart rate, increased vocalization and higher concentrations of plasma cortisol. Isolation-induced emotional state can arise even for short term isolation. This means that if a cow is isolated from another cow or other cows that are know, the cow will go into psychological stress very quickly. This is true even for the bulls.
9. Now here is one of the most fascinating cow fun facts. Cows widely use all 5 major senses that are known to us. Vision is their most dominant sense. 50% of all the information they receive comes visually.
10. Now, here is something really interesting. Their eyes are located on the sides of their heads and not on the front. This is because of the fact that they are prey animals. The arrangement of their eyes allow them 330° field of vision.
Cow Fun Facts: 11-15 | Senses
11. Because of their panoramic vision, their binocular vision is pretty limited and hence, they have a blind spot right behind them. The visual acuity of cows is also pretty good at 1/20. This is definitely not as good as humans but still pretty good.
12. As far as colors are concerned, their eyes have only two different types of color receptors in their retinas’ cone cells. This means that they are dichromatic.
13. Cows are capable of distinguishing colors of long wavelength like red, orange and yellow while have trouble distinguishing colors of short wavelength like green, gray and blue.
14. Calves can quickly discriminate between long wavelength colors and short wavelength colors or medium length colors. However, when it comes to discriminating between short wavelength and medium wavelength colors, they find it difficult to do so.
15. Calves will approach handlers quickly under red light but when the handler is under short wavelength or medium wavelength color, they will not approach so quickly.
Cow Fun Facts: 16-20 | Senses
16. It is a very wrong notion that bulls charge in because of the red color of the cloth during a bullfight. It is actually the movement of the cape or the flag that irritates the bulls and they charge in.
17. Coming to tastes, cows have 20,000 taste buds. Their senses of tastes are very well-developed and they are very much able to distinguish between the four primary tastes – sweet, sour, bitter and salty.
18. The taste perception’s strength will depend on the food requirement of a cow. They usually prefer sweet food that are known to have high calorific value. They will avoid bitter food that can be potentially toxic. They also know salty food and usually eat such food to maintain electrolyte balance.
19. It is necessary for them to maintain the pH level of their Rumen and they will eat food that are sour only to maintain that pH level.
20. Cattle can seek salt by smelling and tasting. They know that usually plants don’t have high salt content. Hence, when they need more salt, they will prefer walking long distances in search of such food. Their senses of taste and smell help them in identifying high salt-containing food.
Cow Fun Facts: 21-25 | Senses and Seriously Fun Facts
21. The hearing range of cows is between 23 Hz and 25 kHz. They are best sensitive to 8 kHz. The lowest threshold is -21 db. This means they have better or more acute hearing than horses.
22. Cows have a well developed sense of touch. There are nociceptors, thermoreceptors and mechanoreceptors that are present on their muzzle and their skin. They heavily use these receptors when they are usually exploring around. Yes, cows are very curious and they like to explore.
23. Okay, time for cow fun facts. Did you know experts say that cows were domesticated some 10,500 years back in Turkey?
24. Bovine genome was completely mapped in 2009. And… cow was the first one whose genome was mapped. Cows have around 22,000 genes, 80% of which are shared with humans.
Cow Fun Facts: 26-30 | Seriously Fun Facts
26. The digestion process of cows produce anywhere between 250 and 500 liters of methane per cow per day. Standford University scientists say that when measured in Carbon Dioxide equivalent, cows are responsible for anywhere between 18% and 51% of global greenhouse gas emission.
27. Cows are a big fan of a genuinely good rubdown just like dogs. They love being rubbed on their back, neck and head.
28. Do you know how many udder squirts it takes to give a gallon of milk? That’s a whopping 350 squirts. Here is something more interesting. Give your cow a name and treat her like an individual and she will give an extra 500 pints of milk a year.
29. Germans did a study on cows and found that they will lay down for resting or will graze while facing earth’s magnetic north or magnetic south. They are least bothered about wind direction or sun position. They don’t know why the cows do so. Source
30. Cows are known for chewing food anywhere between 40 and 50 times in a minute and they have 32 teeth to aid them in that. They will usually chew for about 8 hours every day.
More Cow Fun Facts
a. Cows don’t have teeth on upper jaw. Their upper palate is very hard and they hard press the teeth on their lower jaw against the upper palate to break the food into smaller pieces.
b. The jaws of a cow will move for around 40,000 times in a single day!
c. Cows are known to get excited when they manage to solve a problem. For instance, they were tested for cognition by making them open a door for reaching a food source. When they did, their heart beats increased.
d. When it comes to motherhood, cows are extremely devotional. They will walk for miles together in search of their calves.
e. Cows make friends and they prefer spending more time with their friends than others.
f. The gestation period of cows last for 9 months. That’s the same as in case of humans.
g. Elm Farm Ollie was the first cow that flew on an airplane back in February 1930. She was also the first cow who was milked on an airplane.
h. Cows eat around 40 pounds of food every single day and they drink a hell lot of water (about the amount that fills up a bathtub).
i. Cows are capable of walking straight up stairs. But, when it comes to climbing down, they fail. Their knees will just not bend they way they should.
j. The heart of a cow beats at a rate of 60 bpm to 70 bpm.
k. The normal body temperature of a cow is 101.5°F.
l. Cows just can’t vomit. That’s weird!
m. The number of times a cow sits down and stands up is 14!
That’s pretty much all from our side. In case you want to add a few more facts, feel free to do so through the comments section! Enlighten us!