Before we start with our list of cow facts, we will like to ask you a simple question. Just how much do you know about these animals? You eat beef or you drink milk or eat milk derivatives but we are pretty sure that you don’t know much about the animal from which all those food items are derived. So, let us delve deep into the world of cows and find out how amazing they are. Let’s start with our list of facts about cows…
|Binomial Name||Bos taurus|
Cow Facts: 1-5 | The Various Name
1. Surprise! [highlight]Cow is just used colloquially. The actual term is Cattle. Some people call these animals as Bovines[/highlight]. To get even more colloquial, cow usually refers to a female while bull refers to a male.
2. Truth is, different places in the world have different names. For instance, there are places where a non-castrated male or bull will be called an ‘Intact’. In Australia, bulls that are unmarked are called ‘Micky’.
3. [highlight]In Canada or the USA, a bovine – irrespective of sex – if unbranded, will be referred to as ‘Maverick’[/highlight].
4. This may sound a bit weird but here is one of the most surprising cow facts you will come across: [highlight]An adult female bovine is called a ‘cow’ if she has given birth to at least 1 calf. In some places, to become a cow, a female bovine needs to give birth to at least 2 calves[/highlight].
5. There are places where a [highlight]young female bovine who has given birth to just one calf will be called as ‘first-calf heifer’[/highlight].
Cow Facts: 6-10 | The Various Name
6. What’s a ‘heifer’? It is a female bovine that is under the age of 3 years and is yet to give birth to even a single calf.
7. In United States, [highlight]males that have been castrated are called ‘steers’[/highlight]. Older steers in different parts of the world are called ‘bullocks’.
8. Calves or either sexes are called ‘calves’ until they are weaned. Once they are weaned, they will be called as ‘weaners’ or ‘feeder calves’ until they attain the age of 1 year. When their age is between 1 to 2 years, they will be called as ‘stirks’ or ‘yearlings’.
9. In New Zealand, Canada and Australia, [highlight]bulls that were castrated late or were improperly castrated are known as ‘stag’[/highlight]. There are countries where males that have been incompletely castrated are called ‘rig’.
10. [highlight]A close-to-calving heifer or a cow is referred to as ‘springer’[/highlight]. ‘Beef cattle’ is the cattle that has been raised for beef consumption. ‘Dairy cattle’ is the cattle that has been raised for milk production.