So far we have learned 40 facts about carrots broken down into two articles. First one was all serious while the second one was about carrot fun facts. What we didn’t learn in either of the two articles is about the benefits of carrots. So, in this article, we will focus on that. This set of 30 carrot trivia will not only cover the health benefits of carrots but will also cover some details about the vegetable’s characteristics. Sounds good? Let’s start with benefits of carrots.
Carrot Trivia: 1-5 | Health Benefits of Carrots
1. One of the foremost health benefits of carrots is that it helps to prevent cancer. Carrots are rich is what is known as carotenoids. Carotenoids are known for preventing cell overgrowth in body and thereby provide effective defense against a wide array of cancers like breast cancer, prostate cancer, stomach cancer, colon cancer etc.
2. If you are suffering from high blood pressure, start considering carrots as your new pals. Studies have proven that carrots increase the flow of blood in heart and reduces bad cholesterol levels. These two factors combined, carrots essentially help in lowering blood pressure and thereby mitigate chances of heart attack as well as various cardiac ailments.
3. Macular degeneration is a serious problem related to aging. Simply put with age, eyesight decreases. Carrots help to reduce macular degeneration and hence help to maintain good eyesight.
4. If you happen to be deficient in Vitamin A, you are most likely having troubles with night vision. This is where carrots can help. Rich in β-carotene. This substance in carrot is converted into Vitamin A in our body. Carrots are very rich in β-carotene (pronounced as beta-carotene) and hence, good for Vitamin-A deficient people. So, carrots actually help to improve night vision.
: If you are not suffering from Vitamin A deficiency, eating loads of carrots is not going to give you the eyesight of a cat (we mean, capable of seeing things in pitch darkness). No, β-carotene doesn’t work that way. It helps in improving the deteriorated night vision but doesn’t scale it up to super-human levels.
5. Carrots have been found to help in increasing saliva production. Saliva is vital for our oral health. It helps to prevent microbes and other foreign things that can harm our teeth and gums alike. Eating carrots will help to prevent gum problems, halitosis and cavities. So, eat carrots to keep oral problems at bay.
Carrot Trivia: 6-10 | Health Benefits of Carrots
6. If you happen to be a diabetic, make carrot your best friend. Why so? This veggie is known for regulating sugar levels in blood. And… there is something called Insulin Resistance. The higher the insulin resistance of body, the greater is the problem for diabetic patients. Carotenoids in carrots have an inverse relationship with insulin resistance. This means, if carotenoids increase in body, the body will less insulin resistant and hence, better utilization of sugar in blood and hence, less blood sugar levels. So? That’s good for diabetics!
7. Carrots have dietary fiber content. This means, carrots can help you with digestion. This veggie has also been found to regulate gastric juice secretion and hence, regulating the whole digestive process. In addition, carrots also in peristaltic motion stimulation, thereby helping in building a robust digestive system.
8. Carrots are very rich in Vitamin A. They also have good quantities of Vitamin B-Complex, Vitamin C, Vitamin E and Vitamin K. All these vitamins are known for improving the overall immune system of our body. The stronger our immune system is, the better resistance we have against various types of ailments.
9. Do you know what antioxidants are? They are nutrients that help in prevention of cancer, helps to slow down aging, helps to prevent hear diseases and more. Carrots are really really rich in antioxidants. Some of the commonest antioxidants that are present in carrots are α-carotene (alpha-carotene), β-carotene, lutein, caffeic acid, coumaric acid, ferulic acid, cyanidins, malvidins etc. So, eat carrots as they help to slow down aging process.
10. β-carotene is also known for protecting our skin from harmful effects of sun. Harmful sun rays can lead to premature wrinkling of skin, pigmentation, acne, blemishes, uneven skin tone etc. All these can be prevented by eating carrots.
Carrot Trivia: 11-15 | Health Benefits of Carrots
11. Carrots also have external healing properties. Applying on cuts and wounds help in quick healing. All you have to do is apply boiled, mashed or shredded carrots on the affected areas of your skin.
12. Vitamin A is very essential for our liver as well. This vitamin in particular helps in flushing toxins out of the liver. So, eat carrots to keep your liver healthy.
13. Fibers present in carrots are also responsible for helping in flushing out waste material from our colon. So, you can have a healthy bowel movement if you eat carrots.
14. If you are on a weight-loss diet regime, consider adding carrots to your meals. This veggie is known for increasing satiety and hence, significantly reduce the calorie intake, thus helping in regulating weight gain.
15. If you are prone to bone related problems, carrots can come in for rescue. They have Vitamin K in them. This Vitamin has several functions but is known for reducing bone loss and hence, chance of bone fracture are reduced significantly. It also helps in calcium transport across the body.
Carrot Trivia: 16-20 | About Carrot Plant
16. Daucus carota is a biennial plant. What does that mean? It means that in the first year, the plant use its leaves for production of large amounts of sugar. This sugar is then transported and stored in the taproot.
17. In the second year, this stored sugar is taken from the taproot and used in providing the necessary energy for flowering.
18. After the carrot seeds germinate, a clear demarcation is visible between the stem and the taproot. The stem is actually thicker than the taproot at this stage.
19. The seed leaf is located at the upper end of the stem. Only after 10 to 15 days have passed post-germination, the first true leaf starts to appear.
20. When the subsequent leaves start appearing, the leaves will be alternate and have a spiral arrangement. They are pinnately compound leaves with the bases of the leaves sheathing the stem.
Carrot Trivia: 21-25 | About Carrot Plant
21. When the plant starts growing, close to taproot, the seed leaves’ bases are pushed apart while the stem gradually gets compressed with internodes no longer remaining distinct.
22. The seed stalk eventually elongates for flowering. This is when stem tip narrows down and takes a pointed structure. The stem will then extend in upward direction, growing anywhere between 60 cm to 200 cm in length. The stem will eventually become highly branched inflorescence.
23. The taproot of the plant has two distinct parts – the core or the xylem and the outer cortex or the phloem. The outer cortex is pulpy.
24. Carrots that are of high quality will have greater proportion of cortex and less of the core. It is absolutely not possible that the taproot will lack a xylem altogether.
25. It may happen that the taproot will have a very small but highly pigmented core that can be easily differentiated from the phloem. On the other hand, it is also possible that the core or the xylem and the phloem are of same color, making it appear as if there’s no core at all.
Carrot Trivia: 26-30 | About Carrot Plant
26. Taproots of Daucus carota are usually canonical and long but some cultivars may have nearly spherical and cylindrical taproots. Taproots may have diameter (at widest part) of 1 cm to 10 cm. The taproots can have length of 5 cm to 50 cm but the average length is between 10 cm and 25 cm.
27. Carrots are diploid. This means they have two homologous copies of every chromosome. A pair of homologous chromosomes means that the pair has one paternal chromosome and one maternal chromosome.
28. Carrots have 9 sets of homologous chromosomes with each chromosome having uniform length and they are relatively short.
29. Scientists estimate that the genome size of carrot is 473 mega base pairs. That’s the same size as rice genome and 1/5th of maize genome.
30. As far as cultivation is concerned, most of the cultivars take around 70 to 80 for reaching maturity provided the conditions are right. Full sun is best however some shade doesn’t do harm. Full shade will not work for carrots. The optimum temperature should be between 16°C and 21°C and the soil should be loamy or sandy, well-drained, loose and deep with pH level not exceeding 6.8.
Carrot Scientific Classification:
|Subspecies||D. c. subsp. sativus|
Major Cultivars of Carrots:
- Chantenay carrots
- Danvers carrots
- Imperator carrots
- Nantes carrots