Before we start telling you about the Antisocial Personality Disorder facts, we will like to say that if humans are to be immune from any disorder or disease, then they should be psychological. We believe so because they are so deadly that they not only disrupt the person’s (who has that disorder) life but also destroy his immediate surroundings and directly or indirectly affect the society as a whole.
Physical diseases also spread, but they can be checked, but these disorders are too hard for us to know and by the time we know about them, it may be too late. We covered an article on Psychopaths, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder and Schizophrenia. Today we are going to tell you about Antisocial Personality Disorder facts. Read carefully; you can help someone!
1. According to DSM -V (Diagnostic Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders) any personality disorder is a “consistent, enduring pattern of inner experiences and behaviors that is significantly different from what is thought to be normal within the individual’s own culture.”
2. There are, in total, three groups of personality disorders – A, B, and C.
3. Group A disorders are the ones which show isolation from society, and weird behavior.
4. Disorders that fall under Group A are Paranoid, Schizotypal, Schizoid personality disorders.
5. Group B includes Antisocial Personality Disorder, Narcissistic Personality Disorder, Histrionic Personality Disorder and Borderline Personality Disorder, which show erratic behavior.
6. Group C disorders deal with anxiety and inhibited behavior. Dependent Personality Disorder, Avoidant Personality Disorder, and Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorders are in this group.
7. A person may have Antisocial Personality Disorder if he shows behavior that clashes with his culture in areas like affect (emotion), cognition, impulse control, the functioning of interpersonal relationships.
8. These clashes can be seen in almost every sphere of life like work, personal, social, etc. The disorder continues for a very long time, and in some cases, even end up as a lifelong disorder.
9. Such behavior mostly starts developing from early childhood. It is necessary to check the disorder quickly because, if left unchecked, such behaviors keep increasing.
10. Major behavioral patterns of Antisocial Personality Disorder include:
- A person with ASPD will have absolutely no regard for the feelings of other people.
- A person suffering from ASPD will always feel jealous of the success and happiness of other people.
- A person with ASPD will display exaggerated self-appraisal.
- An ASPD person will be overconfident.
- Such a person will show extreme emotional swings.
- A person with ASPD will have an aura, which of course is superficial. He or she can easily impress the ones who are new to a certain field.
11. Some of the common characteristics of people who have Antisocial Personality Disorder include:
- They are highly irresponsible.
- They are extremely manipulative.
- They lack clarity in life.
- They are extremely aggressive.
12. One of the major characteristics of the people with this disorder is that they always complain about some physical problem or some pain.
13. Since people with Antisocial Personality Disorder are manipulative, others find it extremely difficult to tell whether the person is really in pain or he or she is simply enacting it.
14. ASPD people have no problem cheating their closed ones’ time and again. They will break the law without any shame.
15. People who have Antisocial Personality Disorder are so manipulative that they win over people by their fabricated words. They will have no guilt feeling for whatever they are doing.
16. Men are more prone to have ASPD than women.
17. Antisocial Personality Disorder is often linked with psychopathy and sociopathy.
18. It is considered that this disorder is the milder version of psychopathy. Psychopaths are more suspicious and are more aggressive as compared to people suffering from Antisocial Personality Disorder.
19. What causes ASPD? It is considered that Antisocial Personality Disorder occurs due to hormonal malfunction, or genetic malfunction, or due to some problem with some parts of the brain.
20. However, one can never neglect the nurturing issues that a child usually faces.
21. Nurturing issues include the following:
- Physical abuse.
- Emotional abuse.
- Sexual abuse.
- Falling into a wrong peer group.
22. Studies say that the part of the brain – Amygdala, which is linked to emotions is pretty smaller in people with Antisocial Personality Disorder when compared to other people and amygdala is also not as responsive as seen in other people.
Did you know? Amygdala is that part of that helps us from learning our mistakes.
23. Some theories say that PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome) and other hormonal changes can also be the reasons for ASPD disorder to develop in individuals. However, there is no substantial evidence to prove this point.
24. Other disorders or issues which have the potential to be the causes of ASPD are ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), conduct and substance abuse, organic brain damage, etc.
25. There are no pre-defined tests to know if a person has ASPD or not. Psychiatrists and clinical psychologists interview the person and assess whether the person has ASPD or not.
26. The method of interviewing has an inherent drawback as there are times when the medical practitioners don’t consider the cases from cultural context.
27. Therapies like CBT (Cognitive Behavior Therapy) works well for teenagers which helps them to change the way they think gradually.
28. MBT (Mentalization-based Therapy) is a therapy where the medical practitioner encourages the person to consider the way he thinks and its impact on his behavior.
29. Family therapy may also come in handy but therapies like insight-oriented talk therapies backfire, and the symptoms are seen to increase after such therapies.
30. Medications like antidepressants, mood stabilizers may be given (but first they need to consult a medical practitioner). It becomes extremely difficult for both the person suffering from the disorder and the people around if this disorder is not properly treated at an early age. However, for most of the people who have ASPD, the symptoms begin to recede when they reach 50, but for some, it may continue till they live.